It is used to make such foods as couscous, sorghum flour, porridge and molasses. FAO Food and Nutrition Series, No. Although there was no economic analysis done to study. However, in some countries including Brazil, Ethiopia, Sudan, Australia, Mexico, Nigeria, and Burkina Faso it is expanding, mainly because of new land brought under sorghum cultivation or diversion of a portion of area planted to other crops such as maize and wheat. It is the only viable food grain for many of the world’s most food insecure people. In: Kulp K, Ponte J (eds) Handbook of cereal science and technology, 2nd edn. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. Sorghum Phytochemicals and Their Potential Impact on Human Health. MStV-S is the most serious on sorghum growvirus ing in peninsular India. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. The center of origin of sorghum … The protein quality and digestibility of two high lysine (2.9-3.0 g/100 g protein) and tow conventional varieties (lysine content 2.1-2.2 g/100 g protein) of whole grain sorghum milled as flour were assessed through balance studies in 13 children 6-30 months of age. Industrial Crop Prod 6:229–232, Bennett AS, Annex RP (2009) Production, transport and milling costs of sweet sorghum as a feedstock for centralized bioethanol production in the upper Midwest. It’s sorghum. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, The Sorghum Genome In the early stages of the plants' growth, some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates which are lethal to grazing animals. Efforts to breed mold resistant sorghums have been relatively unsuccessful. All the accessions from Ethiopia were susceptible to anthracnose when evaluated in Isabela, Puerto Rico. International Crops Research Institute for The Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India and Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy, 68 pp, ISBN 92-5-103861-9, Kaup SM, Walker CE (1986) Couscous in North Africa. Research on manipulating the content and type of PA in forage legumes is justified because they are associated with non-bloating legumes, lower soluble non-protein nitrogen in silage, and improved efficiency of protein utilization. Although a perennial plant by nature, grain sorghum is … N balance data indicated that utilization of absorbed N was not reduced in pigs fed the high tannin sorghums. Monte Carlo simulation and sensitivity analysis are used to account for system variability and compare scenarios. Sorghum fractions possess high antioxidant activity in vitro relative to other cereals or fruits. Several myths affect the perceived nutritional and processing quality of sorghum. (ejournal.icrisat.org), Reddy BVS, Sharma HC, Thakur RP, Ramesh S, Rattunde F, Mgonja M (2006) Sorghum hybrid parents research at ICRISAT—strategies, status and Impacts. For a discussion on the use of economic thresholds, go to "Economic Thresholds for Today's Commodity Values," which is an article adapted from the Proceedings of the UNL Crop Production Clinics 2009. We may say that the Bodi people promoted the diversified selection of animal coat-colors as well as sorghum color by their own cultural devices. White sorghum had lower tannins (0.09% catechin equivalent) compared to the reddish-white (0.27% catechin equivalent). It is high in carbohydrates, with 10 percent protein and 3.4 percent fat, and contains calcium and small amounts of iron, vitamin B 1, and niacin. 4. Bagasse obtained after juice extraction is rich in micronutrients and can be used for power generation. However, the identification of anthracnose resistant germplasm from many diverse regions could result in the identifi-cation of new sources of genetic variation for resistance. Get real time updates on the Sorghum Industry with the latest reports, critical insights and stats from official sources. Grasses economic importance stems from several areas, including food production, industry, and lawns. The two cultivars were similar in proximate composition (white 15.3% protein, reddish-white 15.9% protein), mineral profile, fatty acid composition, vitamin content (except vitamin-B12 was higher in reddish-white), in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) and calculated protein efficiency ratio (C-PER). Hydrolyzable tannins are potentially toxic to ruminants. FAO (2015) Statistical database, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. J Anim Sci 53:1524–1537, Damania AB (2002) The Hindustan centre of origin of important plants. The high concentration of phytochemicals in sorghum may be partly responsible. Napier grass and hybrid (Pennisetum) Napier or elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is a tall, tufted, robust perennial grass which originated in tropical Africa. for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Several alternative hypotheses (to escape protein) that explain the effect of PA on protein digestion and metabolism in ruminants are also consistent with experimental results on forage legumes. Four accessions rated as resistant in Texas were found to be susceptible in Puerto Rico; whereas, five accessions rated as resistant in Puerto Rico showed a susceptible response in Texas. Subramanian V, Metta VC (2000) Sorghum grain for poultry feed. National Academy Press, 3rd rev. The Bodi are able to predict, by means of their folk genetics, what kinds of animal coat-color will be the result from crossing some kinds of animal coat-color. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): In terms of tonnage, sorghum is Africa’s second most important cereal. These cereals are grown over an area of 98.6 m ha producing 162 m tons. Some sorghums have a prominent pigmented testa that contains condensed tannins composed of flavan-3-ols with variable length. Drawing on the cases of Chad, Ethiopia, Uganda and Rwanda—four semi-authoritarian polities which have been sustained by the securitization trend—we argue that these developments have not been an accidental by-product of the global ‘war on terror’. The breeding of photosensitive sorghums to escape the wet season have proven useful in Mali where the grain is identity preserved and value added is captured along the supply chain. Studies on the mechanism of tolerance of iron chlorosis and Al-toxicity in groundnut in problem soils In: Belton PS, Taylor JRN (eds) Proceedings of the AFRIPRO workshop on the proteins of sorghum and millets: enhancing nutritional and functional properties for Africa. Finger millet or Ragi - Minor millets 1. ICRISAT, Patancheru, India 206 pp, Hulse JH, Liang EM, Pearson OE (1980) Sorghum and the millets: their composition and nutritive value. Available epidemiological evidence suggests that sorghum consumption reduces the risk of certain types of cancer in humans compared to other cereals. Asian Agri-History 6(4):333–341, Doggett H (1965) The development of the cultivated sorghums. ISBN 92-9066-471-1, Chapke RR, Rakshit S, Mishra JS, Patil JV (2011) Factors associated with sorghum cultivation under rice fallows. Sorghum can better tolerate short periods of water logging compared with maize. No single climate generates grasslands; they develop in areas with wide ranges of rainfall (from semiarid to subhumid) and temperature. These results indicate that a great deal of germplasm diversity and genetic novelty are available in Eritrean sorghums, and that SSR markers can contribute to the wise use of this diversity for sorghum study and improvement. It possess huge amount of carbohydrates, with 40.78% protein, 18.97% fat, 2.50% calcium and iron, vitamin B1, and nicotinic acid in small amounts. Sorghum bicolor that can be consulted. Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK, 18 pp, MacLean WC, Lopez de Romana G, Placko RP, Graham GG (1981) Protein quality and digestibility of sorghum in preschool children: balances studies and plasma free amino acids. Washington DC, USA, USDA/HNIS (1984) Composition of foods: cereal grains and pasta. The sorghum in Ukraine is experiencing difficulties to develop for several reasons: - The margin is more important for sunflower in dry regions and for corn in humid regions. The author made an intensive survey among the Bodi, who depend mainly on cattle and goats together with sorghum, from the cultural anthropological point of view in 1973-6 and 1991. In almost all the sorghum growing regions except Africa yield levels have been enhanced over the years as a result of improved cultivars, higher input use, better resources, and crop management. The increasing cost of energy and finite oil and gas reserves has created a need to develop alternative fuels from renewable sources. J Cereal Sci 38:117–131, Dykes L, Rooney LW (2006) Sorghum and millet phenols and antioxidants. ICRISAT–HarvestPlus Project on Sorghum biofortification, Management of Mineral Nutrition and Associated Stresses in Groundnut, Genetic diversity of Eritrean sorghum landrace assessed with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, Authoritarianism and the securitization of development in Africa. Sorghum midge damage is evident by white pupal cases that stick out of the tips of glumes. plant reproduction, but also the way in which he has recognized various phenotypes of genetic variants and included them into his culture. However, these figures do not do justice to the importance of sorghum in Africa. The nutritive value was assessed by chemical analyses and by rat balance studies. Cambridge University Press India Pvt. Pigmented sorghums contain unique anthocyanins that could be potential food colorants. Control diets contained 64% kcal protein as casein. In: Smith CW, Frederiksen RA (eds) Sorghum: origin, history, technology and production. Pigmented and tannin sorghum varieties have high antioxidant levels that are comparable to fruits and vegetables. Many plants are economically important and useful to mankind in several ways. bicolor) is an important cereal . as waste. Most promising route to creation of biobased industries. All subjects received both experimental treatments, made complete collections of urine and stools, and gave fasting blood samples at the ends of both experimental periods. It is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the "fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world" deficit makes it an important crop of dry land agriculture. The sorgums and their tannin contents (milligrams of catechin/100 mg of dry matter, as determined by a modified vanillin-HCl method) were: Ga615, 3.40; NK300, 3.17; TAM680, .83, and G766-W, .88. Global Food Security 8:9–18. Response of Sorghum Accessions from Four African Countries against Colletotrichum sublineolum, Causa... Why do people prefer diversified selection? 7. However, Sorghum is rich in dietary fiber. Most of the sorghum is consumed in the countries where it is produced and world trade is mainly linked to demand for livestock products, which is governed by the feed requirements and prices in developed countries. The continent produces about 20 million tonnes of sorghum per annum, about one-third of the world crop. These myths are largely extended by scientists who read review articles where old data are taken out of context by reviewers and they have a significant impact on utilization of sorghum. Pearl Response of sorghum various phenotypes of genetic variants and included them into his culture sorghums... Weight and energy losses during sorghum periods averaged 2.5 to 3 times control.... Possible ethanol feedstock because of its biomass yield and high concentration of total amino acids were determined in eleven after! 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