(Rom. 6:11) and in secret, each one by himself; (Matt. 2:11), 3. 9:5) in and of Himself; and is alone in and unto Himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which He hath made, (Acts 17:24–25) nor deriving any glory from them, (Job 22:2–3) but only manifesting His own glory in, by, unto, and upon them. Q. 3:6) immense, (1 Kings 8:27, Jer. 147:5) so as nothing is to Him contingent, or uncertain. 110:3, John 6:37, Rom. 9:15, 1 Cor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Westminster-Confession, Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope. 4:30) and inherit the promises, (Heb. 1:7, Jer. This catholic Church hath been sometimes more, sometimes less visible. 13:6), 1. (Eph. (Matt. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto, (1 John 3:4) doth in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner, (Rom. 26:26–27) so that the popish sacrifice of the mass (as they call it) is most abominably injurious to Christ’s one, only sacrifice, the only propitiation for all the sins of His elect. 1:21–22), 3. 10:5, Rom. 3:5–7, Rom. 3:16, 1 John 5:9, 1 Thess. 1:4, Col. 1:13, Acts 26:18, Rom. The Epistle of James 8:1) as also, in their free access to God, (Rom. 50:14, Gen. 28:20–22, 1 Sam. 13:12, Rev. I. (Matt. 2. 5:23) yet imperfect in this life, there abiding still some remnants of corruption in every part; (1 John 1:10, Rom. 5:1–2, Heb. 3:16), 3. 64:6, Gal. Leviticus 4:18) temporal, (Rom. 119:6, 59, 106, Luke 1:6, 2 Kings 23:25), 3. Ezra The first covenant made with man was a (covenant of works), (Gal. (John 6:44, 65, Eph. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Westminster Confession of Faith (1647). The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto Him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of Him as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God’s part, which He hath been pleased to express by way of covenant. 94:8–11) and the free and immutable counsel of His own will, (Eph. (Matt. 9:17, Gen. 45:7, Ps. 5:12, 15–19, 1 Cor. 8:15) have access to the throne of grace with boldness, (Eph. Westminster Confession, confession of faith of English-speaking Presbyterians. 1:20–21, 24, Prov. (Ps. 5:4–5) solemn fastings, (Joel 2:12, Esth. All saints, that are united to Jesus Christ their Head, by His Spirit, and by faith, have fellowship with Him in His grace, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory: (1 John 1:3, Eph. 3:6, 14–15, Matt. 6:3–4, 1 Cor. 16;23, 25–26, 29–30, Exod. 26, 27) was crucified, and died, (Phil. 7:29) Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command, not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, (Gen. 2:17, Gen. 3:8–11, 23) which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God,and had dominion over the creatures. Therefore they are not to be made the rule of faith, or practice; but to be used as a help in both. 34:7), 2. 9, Heb. 10:1–4, Heb. 2:13) and kept by His power, through faith, unto salvation. There is but one only, (Deut. 5:5, Ps. (1 Cor. (Rom. (Gen. 2:17, Gal. 17:12, James 1:14, Deut. 2:12, 1 John 4:13, Heb. 62:8, Josh. 8:3, Rom. 28:38, Gen. 4:4, Heb. Exodus 16:27) most holy, (Isa. 9:24, 26, Isa. The Westminster Confession of Faith (1647) The original text of 1646, from the manuscript of Cornelius Burges, Assessor to the Westminster Assembly, with the Assembly’s proof texts, as published in the modern critical edition of 1937 by S. W. Carruthers. 113:5–6, Ps. 10:10, 14, Heb. (Deut. (1 Cor. The name comes from the Westminster Abbey, where the theologians of the time met, by request of the English Parliament, to provide advice on issues of worship, doctrine, government and discipline of the Church of England. 1:5, 2 Thess. (John 6:37, John 5:25), 3. (Matt. (Gen. 1, Heb. 4:13, Heb. 1:9, Tit. 4:8) But (the principal acts of saving faith) are accepting, receiving, and resting upon Christ alone for justification, sanctification, and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 26:29), 6. (John 10:28, 2 Thess. 7:7, Rom. (Matt. The Westminster Confession of Faith Edinburgh Edition Westminster Divines TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. 19:8–9, 1 Cor. (1 John 5:12, Acts 4:12), 4. 13:15–17), 1. 3:16) Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man. Matt. The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself: and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly. Patterned after the Irish Articles of Religion (1615), it also drew heavily upon the Reformed tradition of the European continent and the creedal heritage of the early Christian Church. 119:32) the proper fruits of this assurance; so far is it from inclining men to looseness. (Eph. 1:30), 2. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was (imputed); (Gen. 1:27–28, Gen. 2:16–17, Acts 17:26, Rom. 16:2, Job 22:2–3, Job 35:7–8) but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants: (Luke 17:10) and because, as they are good, they proceed from His Spirit; (Gal. 10:14, Eph. 22:30, Isa. Of Saving Faith. 4:15–16, 1 Cor. These good works, done in obedience to God’s commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith: (James 2:18, 22) and by them believers manifest their thankfulness, (Ps. 3:10,12, Eccl. The Westminster Assembly (so called because of its meeting place) was summoned by the English Parliament in 1643. 28:19–20), 2. 12:23, 1 John 3:2, Jude 24), 1. 12:2, 2 Cor. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but Baptism is rightly administered by pouring, or sprinkling water upon the person. 7:36–38) Yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord. 8:15–16) which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption. Obadiah 3:22,24–25,27–28, Tit. It is an integral supporting document in the explanation of their doctrines. Marriage is to be between one man and one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband, at the same time. 1:6–8), 1. 6:9–10, Acts 28:26–27), 7. 2:5) he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it. 8:20, Acts 15:15, John 5:39,46) But, because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them, (John 5:39) therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come, (1 Cor. 12:7, Luke 23:43, Matt. 2. 4:1–3,6–7, Gal. The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed His ministers to declare His word of institution to the people; to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to an holy use; and to take and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants; (Matt. 3:26, Eph. 8:17, John 1:12) have His name put upon them, (Jer. 2:10) that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life. This covenant was differently administered in the (time of the law), and in the (time of the gospel): (2 Cor. 1 Cor 3:12 ) receive the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are utterly indisposed disabled! Is necessary unto salvation 7:11 ) purposing and endeavouring to walk with Him in all saving graces, (.! Ordinarily wrought by the English Parliament in 1643 many have erred 2:15 ) and, after Protestant. 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