Address: Souq Waqif, Al Jasra, Doha, Qatar. Doha is located in Qatar (Baladīyat ad Dawḩah) and time zone Asia/Qatar. [102], Qatar is either a constitutional[14][15] or an absolute monarchy[17][103] ruled by the Al Thani family. Suggestions in September 2017 by the presidents of both the United States and Afghanistan have reportedly led to protests from senior officials of the American State Department. [242] Qatar's total population hit a record high of 2.46 million in November 2015, an increase of 8.5% from the previous year, far exceeding official projections. Exploitation and development were, however, delayed by World War II.[83]. Project highlights in this segment include the multibillion-dollar Doha Expressway and the Qatar Bahrain Causeway, which will connect Qatar to Bahrain and Saudi Arabia and is considered a milestone in regional interconnectivity. [241] The influx of male labourers has skewed the gender balance, and women are now just one-quarter of the population. In 2008 Qatar spent US$2.3 billion on military expenditures, 2.3% of the gross domestic product. [259], In 2012, Qatar joined the international French-speaking organisation of La Francophonie (OIF) as a new associate member, but in December 2013, the French daily Le Monde revealed that Qatar, which has very few native French speakers, had not yet paid any contribution to the OIF,[260] while the outgoing Administrator of the OIF complained in 2015 that Qatar had not kept any of the promises it made when it joined the organisation and had never paid its annual membership fees.[261]. [5] In January 2013, the Qatar Statistics Authority estimated the country's population at 1,903,447, of which 1,405,164 were males and 498,283 females. Neighbouring countries are: Saudi Arabia. [50], In 628, Muhammad sent a Muslim envoy to a ruler in Eastern Arabia named Munzir ibn Sawa Al Tamimi and requested that he and his subjects accept Islam. English is commonly used as a second language,[256] and a rising lingua franca, especially in commerce, to the extent that steps are being taken to try to preserve Arabic from English's encroachment. [191] Additional changes to labour laws include a provision guaranteeing that all workers' salaries are paid directly into their bank accounts and new restrictions on working outdoors in the hottest hours during the summer. 1915' [1000] (1155/1782), p. 1001. [223], Established in 2005, Qatar Investment Authority is the country's sovereign wealth fund, specializing in foreign investment. [208] A book recently produced by the Ministry of Environment documents the lizards known or believed to occur in Qatar, based on surveys conducted by an international team of scientists and other collaborators. In the medical community, and in situations such as the training of nurses to work in Qatar, English acts as a lingua franca. Munzir obliged his request, and accordingly, most of the Arab tribes in the region converted to Islam. With the economy recovering in the 1990s, expatriate populations, particularly from Egypt and South Asia, have grown again. Non-Muslim expatriates can obtain a permit to purchase alcohol for personal consumption. So far the government, the primary transport developer, has done well in terms of keeping up with the demand for new transportation options. [170][171][172][173], Two years after the diplomatic crisis, Jordan took a step towards restoring its relations with Qatar. After they withdrew to Al Bidda fortress, Jassim's advancing column besieged the fortress, resulting in the Ottomans' concession of defeat and agreement to relinquish their captives in return for the safe passage of Mehmed Pasha's cavalry to Hofuf by land. [221] The country was a member state of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), having joined in 1961, and having left in January 2019. Senate hearing has the answer", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Qatar, "US State Dept's Country Political Profile – Qatar", "Qatar shows how to manage a modern monarchy", "Population of Qatar by nationality – 2017 report", "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) | Data", "GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) | Data", "2019 Human Development Index Ranking | Human Development Reports", "Indices & Data | Human Development Reports", "IFES Election Guide – Elections: Qatar Referendum Apr 29 2003", "Tiny Kingdom's Huge Role in Libya Draws Concern", "Qatar admits sending hundreds of troops to support Libya rebels", "Middle Powers: Squeezed out or Adaptive? The highest point in Qatar is Qurayn Abu al Bawl at 103 metres (338 ft)[2] in the Jebel Dukhan to the west, a range of low limestone outcroppings running north–south from Zikrit through Umm Bab to the southern border. The shining jewel of Qatar, Doha is a multicultural city, home to most of the country's population as well as expatriate communities from a range of origins. Qatar can be considered to be located on the Arabian Peninsula. In addition, the forum has featured the Middle East Economic Future conference since 2006. In addition, the railway system is being significantly expanded and could eventually form an integral part of a GCC-wide network linking all the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. Qatar signed a defence co-operation agreement with Iran,[145] with whom it shares the largest single non-associated gas field in the world. Doha, city, capital of Qatar, located on the east coast of the Qatar Peninsula in the Persian Gulf. Hamad International Airport is the international airport of Doha. [174], The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar. [168][169], In June 2018, Saudi Arabia announced a bid to construct a waterway, Salwa Canal, on their border with Qatar which shall in effect turn the latter into an island country. Security is the principal basis for Qatar's strict entry and immigration rules and regulations.[231]. [14][15][16][17][18] Its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. [159], Qatar's alignment with Hamas, first reported in early 2012,[160] has drawn criticism from Israel, the United States, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, "who accuse Qatar of undermining regional stability by supporting Hamas. Emir hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani dynasty has been ruling Qatar since the family House established. At senior level a vast majority of Qatar could reach 2.8 million by the world Cup 2022 shorts and.! Abu Dhabi forces sacked and looted Doha and Al Ahmed street charged shooting! 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