Fig. About 3-4 irrigations are required in the event of complete failure of rainfall. Potato. Ecological Requirements-Climate- The crop has a wide adaptability as it may grow under different day lengths, temperature and moisture stress. So, the perfect temperature for the growth of bajra is 25o-30oC. Monocropping of pearl millet is prevalent in Rajasthan and Gujarat which has been proved uneconomical compared to pearl millet-legume sequential cropping. It cannot tolerate waterlogging. The field is prepared by summer ploughing with mould board plough after the onset of monsoon followed by 2-3 harrowings or ploughing by country plough. Soil: Well drained light sandy loams, red, yellow and black soils are well suited for its cultivation. Moisture Conservation 9. Breaking of upper crust of the soil layer to check evaporation losses. It also reduces the surface drying process keeping the crust strength at a low level which can easily be countered by upward thrust of emerging plumules of seedling. Class 10 […] 9. Pearl millet does not tolerate water logging. Pearl millet, in addition to its grain consumption, is also used as a green fodder in India and in many other countries. (d) Suitable temperature for optimum crop growth is 20-25°C. Bajra: Ragi: 3rd most important food crop with respect to area and production. (a) Potato is a temperate and cool climate crop. This particular crop grows in the dry regions of the country and the ideal temperature range for its growth is within 25 – 31 deg C. Rainfall required for its growth is … Bajra. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Barley 7. required by bajra and has shown variable growth and yield. The crop is grown in very harsh, arid, dry climatic areas having high temperature and low and erratic rainfall. Irrigated summer crop is seeded in February-March. After winnowing the cleaned grain is thoroughly dried in hot sun by spread­ing on dry floor and stirring it frequently. (b) Minimum temperature for germination, flowering and grain formation is 10, 23 and 20-21°C, respectively. Tea. Moist weather is advantageous during its vegetable growth. In rainfed areas, the tillage operations before and after seeding the crop are extremely important as they are associated with the conservation of rain water. There are different types of millets are available in The world as well as in India too. High rainfall at reproductive phase is not conducive, as it aids in spread of fungal diseases especially ergot, lodging of plants and poor grain quality. Report a Violation 11. Generally 2 methods for harvesting the crop are adopted, viz. Pre-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.5 kg/ha dissolved in 800 litres of water controls most of the narrow and broad leaved weeds. (e) Cloudy weather, rainy days and high humidity is unfavorable for potato crop. Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Agriculture in India, Greengram Cultivation: How to Cultivate Greengram in India [A Guide for Farmers], How is Rice Cultivated in India: A Complete Guide for Farmers, Climate and Soil Required for Pearl Millet Cultivation, Field Preparation for Pearl Millet Cultivation, Manures and Fertilizers Required for Pearl Millet Cultivation, Moisture Conservation Management of Pearl Millet, Thinning/Gap-Filling and Jerking of Pearl Millet, Drought mitigation and Contingency Planning for Pearl Millet. Too heavy rainfall results in low sugar content. Thus, clods must be broken by planking the field after every ploughing so that fine tilth may be obtained to facilitate the sowing and proper distribution of seed at an appropriate depth. It means this is the plant which never resists to drought but cut short of its life cycle and comes to flowering under such adverse conditions. In general, application of 40 kg N, 30 kg P2O5 and 30 kg K2O/ha in zone ‘A’ (Rajasthan and Gujarat) and 60-80 kg N, 40 kg P2O5 and 40 kg K2O/ha in zone ‘B’ (Haryana, western U.P., northern M.P. (a) Maize grows from sea level to 3000 meter altitude. After threshing, the grain is separated from the chaff by winnowing, utilizing the winds to blow away the chaff. The plant to plant spacing is maintained after 20-25 DAS by way of thinning. Coffee plantations require a temperature ranging between 25°C to 30°C. AGRA: Farmers of Agra region are facing considerable problems, with the window for planting bajra (pearl millet) crop for the kharif season ending. The sowing with a drill having hoe-type furrow openers and row press gave uniform stand and higher yield of pearl millet than sowing with disc-type furrow openers at CAZRI, Jodhpur. Content Guidelines 2. Photoperiodism refers to the response of plants to definite periods of light and darkness. It grows well in hot and humid climate with a temperature of 21 °C to 27 °C. This adaptation reflects pearl millets origin in the Sahel-region of Africa, where growing conditions are difficult. Coffee plants should be protected from direct sunlight. In the Deccan black cotton soils, a blade harrow is used to expedite preparation of fields. (b) Black gram can be grown successfully from sea level up to an elevation of 2000 meter altitude. Bajra grows well in dry and warm climates conditions. (e) Bajra is a short day plant. it is mostly sown broadcast, whereas in Rajasthan it is drilled behind the desi plough. Jowar, bajra and ragi are grown in India. The grain crop should be harvested when the grains become brown and hard that contain about 18-20% moisture. The top dressing should be done under favourable moisture conditions only i.e. This operation ensures uniform crop stand and even maturity. Mixed cropping with pearl millet has been the traditional practice of dryland farmers to reduce the risk of crop failure in aberrant weather. 7. (c) The crop cannot tolerate drought as well as water logging condition. (c) Water requirement for proper growth is 60-75 cm. This particular crop grows in the dry regions of the country and the ideal temperature range for its growth is within 25 – 31 deg C. Rainfall required for its growth is … Disclaimer 9. Transplant one seedling per hill in rows keeping 50 cm space between rows and 10- 12 cm space between plants to have 1.75-2.0 lakh plants/ha. Amount of fertilizer should be decided on the basis of soil test value for maximum profit. The grains are separated either by beating the earheads by sticks or trampling under the feet of bullocks or running tractor. It is susceptible to frost damage and is predominantly grown as a rainfed kharif crop. Maize 4. It requires temperature between 20 0 C to 30 0 C. Rainfall: 50-100cm rainfall. It cannot tolerate waterlogging. Water requirement of pearl millet is much lower (250-350 mm) than maize, sorghum and finger millet (500-600 mm). Rice 2. Thinning/Gap-Filling and Jerking 10. The deep ploughed soil is capable of retaining soil moisture throughing the growing season and delivering more nitrate, phosphate and potassium besides increasing the water infiltation rate and reducing the bulk density of the soil. It is a drought-tolerant crop and requires very minimal rainfall. Rainfall should range between 150-200 cm. It hardly grows in areas where the yearly rainfall does exceed 100 cm. Well drained sandy soil, black cotton soil, alluvial and red soils. A seed rate of 4-5 kg/ha is required, if line sowing behind a country plough (kera method) is adopted. (f) It is considered to be the hardiest pulse among all pulse crops. (b) It requires an average annual temperature and rainfall of over 18°C and 50- 70 cm, respectively. Soybean 13. Rajasthan is the largest producer of Bajra in India. Cotton: Cotton requires The damage is severe during 20-35 DAS. It is a tropical as well as a subtropical crop. Weed Management 11. The major sugarcane-producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil … (e) It can tolerate drought conditions as well as water logging condition. In case sowing is delayed due to unavoidable reasons, such as late onset of monsoon or heavy and continuous rain during the optimum sowing or late harvesting of the preceding crop, transplanting has been found to give higher yields as compared to direct sowing. 8. The seedlings are uprooted and transplanted after three weeks of sowing. Agro-climate required for Bajra Cultivation: Bajra grows well in dry and warm climate conditions and it’s drought tolerant crop which requires low annual rainfall ranging between 40 cm to 60 cm. Pearl millet forms an important component of cropping system both in rainfed and irrigated areas of the country. It has a high degree of resistance for drought conditions. (c) It requires an average annual rainfall of 50-100 cm. The varieties grown in India are relatively less photosen­sitive and suitable for cultivation throughout the year. This not only cov­ers risks due to failure of monsoon but also provides the grain legumes which help in better nutritional security and gives additional income. tillering of cane. (b) Minimum temperature for germination is 4-6°C. (iii) Soil : Sugarcane grows on well-drained fertile soil. In light soils, the ridge and furrow system gave poor plant stand because germinating seeds are affected by crust-prone soil. Pearl Millet/Bajra 6. Content Guidelines 2. Sowing Time 6. In areas having erratic rainfall, plant population of 1.6 lakh/ha should be maintained. It is a rain-fed crop mostly grown in the moist areas. Tea. In India, rubber is mainly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman & Nicobar islands and also in the Garo hills of Meghalaya. Long term experiments indicates that incorporation of 2.5 and 5.0 tonnes of FYM/ha every year in the soils of ‘A’ and ‘B’ zones, respectively in combination with 40 kg N/ha was helpful for yield stability in pearl millet. It has been estimated that pearl millet requires, on an average 14-15 mm of water per tonne of grain per ha. As most of the soils are deficient in nitrogen, application of N fertilizer is essential for getting potential yield of pearl millet. Bajra(Pennisetum typhoideum) Origin and History- Originated in India or Africa. 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