For example, Glucose is C6H12O6; it’s empirical formula is CH2O. When the solution is heated the hydrate will convert to an anhydrous ionic compound. Chemistry equilibrium constant expression? An eye-opening lesson, Amanda Kloots surprised at the hate over vaccination, Here's what's next in the Trump taxes investigation, How Texas's electrical grid nearly collapsed, Biden laments 'truly grim' COVID-19 milestone, Taco Bell jumps into the chicken sandwich wars, McCain stands by Fauci criticism: 'I'm not a phony', These popular rain boots are 40% off at Nordstrom, 'Bachelor' star breaks silence on Chris Harrison scandal, Mariners CEO resigns after 'inappropriate' comments. The formula of the anhydride is provided and based on the moles of the hydrate present before heating and the moles of the water lost upon heating, the empirical formula of the hydrate can be determined. Does the temperature you boil water in a kettle in affect taste? Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. of the substance was 4.24 g and after we heated it a few times the ending mass was 3.62 g. Now I have to figure out what I have. Remove the crucible from the fire and allow it … a) Determine the value of x in the formula of the compound b) Science. I assume you unknown was a white crystalline solid. Explain how this would affect the calculated percent by mass of water in the compound and the molecular formula you determined. What are the treatments of pleural effusion? 3H 2 O. As the first step, use the percent composition to derive the compound™s empirical formula. Lab #5 Determining Chemical Formula of a Hydrate Zeeshan Saleem Nikki Pandey Brandt Farazian Hoang Phan 6/15/2015 Chem 1411.S2L. This is because when you’re heating a hydrated ionic compound you are removing the water. I have no idea how to find the percentage of water, the empirical formula, or even what I have seeings as I have a crappy teacher and I was absent the day he taught this. ? In order to determine the formula of the hydrate, [\(\text{Anhydrous Solid}\ce{*}x\ce{H2O}\)], the number of moles of water per mole of anhydrous solid (\(x\)) will be calculated by dividing the number of moles of water by the number of moles of the anhydrous solid (Equation \ref{6}). Kimberly Graziano & Hyunjae Kim. What might you expect to see inside, near the mouth of the test tube? Sorry if I didn't help, I tried. \[x = \frac{n_{\ce{H2O}}}{n_{\text{Anhydrous Solid}}} \label{6}\] Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate Group Members: Akshay , Jason, and Doris Teacher: Ms.Misiri By : Ravinna Raveenthiran Course Code: SCH3U Due Date: May 2 2016 Chemistry Lab Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the chemical formula for the hydrate … Example: CuSO4 x 5H2O has 5 water … 5. Table sugar has the chemical formula C12H22O11. The mass of the empty beaker, beaker + hydrated Copper (II) Sulfate, and mass of the beaker + anhydrous Copper (II) Sulfate was found through this procedure. 65.6g (1 mol/ 159.6086) Therefore the Molecular Formula is CuSO4 x 5H2O. 4. Complete the folowing and submit your answers as a word document in Canvas. Solution: 1) Determine mass of water driven off: 15.67 minus 7.58 = 8.09 g of water 2) Determine moles of MgCO3 and water: Aktualności; Usługi; Specjaliści; Galeria; Kontakt; Diety; formula of a hydrate lab answers Unit 2: Chemistry 1. The beaker was placed on a hot plate, heated until the blue crystals lost there blue color. (Synthesis path should be mentioned in full details.)? A hydrate is a chemical that has water molecules loosely bonded to it. What two things make up hydrates? Get your answers by asking now. i had chemistry two years ago and all that knowledge is gone now.. hopefully someone will tell you the answers. 1. These compounds often come in the form of a crystal which can then be heated in order to remove the water in the form of steam. CuSO4= 100 - 31.49 H2O Class Average= 34.4%. What is more dangerous, biohazard or radioactivity? Chemical Formula Detective: Determining the empirical formula of a hydrate Background Different elements can form chemical bonds to create compounds. You obtained the mass percent of water in the copper sulfate hydrate Documents Similar To Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate. You would most likely see water vapour droplets. HERE ARE THE QUESTIONS THAT I AM VERY CONFUSSED WITH, your help is much appericiated: 1. Upware Residents Association. 1. 1. Hydrates are compounds that contain water with a definite mass in the form of H_2O in their molecular formula. 4. Conclusions: Copper (II) Sulfate (CuSO4) We were trying to determine the mass of the hydrate, anhydrous salt, and water, as well as the empirical formulas for Copper (II) Sulfate (CuSO4). For example, sodium and chlorine combine to form sodium chloride, NaCl. It is toxic and should be considered hazardous waste and not washed down the sink. 3. The water molecules are not actually part of the formula, so the formula is written slightly differently. Examine this data and complete the calculations below: Mass of … Carousel Previous Carousel Next. In order to determine the percent composition and the empirical formula of a hydrate, you must know how much water is in the hydrate. It is so long I can't tell exactly what you mean. Pre-Lab Questions: 1. You obtained the mass percent of water in the copper sulfate hydrate. To determine the formula of a hydrate experimentally, we must calculate the mole: mole ratio of the water portion compared to the anhydrate portion. 14. Synthesize the following compounds from the listed materials. Explain your answer. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. When the solution is heated the hydrate will convert to an anhydrous ionic compound. The exercises below will provide additional practice in determining the chemical formula of a hydrate based on experimental data. When it has dried Still have questions? An eye-opening lesson, 'Harry Potter' star admits he's embarrassed by early work. Measure the mass of the crucible and lid, without the hydrate in it. How many moles of sugar was added to 82.90 g of ethanol to change the freezing point of ethanol by 2.750 c. In our experiment we did see this happen but it would be more evident in a test. Does the temperature you boil water in a kettle in affect taste? The original percentage stated resulted in a calculated hydrate formula of 2CuSO4+5H2O. Testable Prediction: Our unknown hydrate may be a hydrate of copper(II) sulfate, magnesium sulfate, iron(III) chloride, or iron(III) nitrate. Using your obervations, calculate the percentage composition of the copper sulfate hydrate. and the molecular formula you determined. One point is earned for the correct answer. Measure the mass of the crucible and lid with the hydrate in it. Lab Report: Determining Chemical Formula of Hydrate Results: Measurement Data Hydrate salt used Copper sulfatex hydrate Mass of hydrate sample 2.09 grams Mass of anhydrate in sample 1.3 grams Mass of water in sample 0.7 grams Experimental formula of hydrate Chemical Equation for Dehydration Reaction Conducted: Calculations: (neatly show all calculations, including all units; for more space use back of paper) Mass water: Mass percent water in hydrate… 2. Hydrates are copper (II) sulfate and copper (II) nitrate. b.) 2.545 g of hydrate is heated and 63.85% of the residue is found after heating. Give the empirical formula of each of the following compounds if a sample contains the following quantities of each element.? Determining the Chemical Formula of a hydrate, please help!? Chemistry equilibrium constant expression. However, not all compounds form in a The experiment compound was safely disposed of and the materials that were used were properly put away. An anhydrate is the substance that remains after the water from a hydrate has been removed through heating. You will need to answer these and add them to your lab report. 3. PURPOSE: To determine the percentage of water in a hydrate. You simply heat a small sample of hydrate to evaporate the water, and then compare the moles From the data collected the number of molecules of hydrated water will be determined per molecule of anhydrous salt. Why is (H2O2) known as hydrogen peroxide and not hydrogen dioxide? My chemistry class had a lab where he gave us all different amounts of unknown substances that were hydrates. A hydrate of copper (II) sulfate with formula CuSO4.xH2O has a molar mass of 250.0 g/mol. By measuring the compound before heating and after, the amount of water in the original hydrate can be determined and the formula discovered. Observing our nitrate, it has a white crystalline structure, representing that … : ), sorry..... i would love to help you but i have no clue what all this means. Hay, attendance sometimes leads to understanding. So rubbing two sticks together to make fire... even breadsticks? 1.1 THE NATURE OF SUBSTANCES AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS (p) how to calculate the formula of a compound from reacting mass data; WJEC Combined science. A hydrate is an inorganic salt that has water molecules bonded to it. Lab –Formula of a Hydrate - Help with calculations Magnesium sulfate (MgSO 4) is a molecule that loves to hold on to water (hydrophilic). The choice are (BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO...) CaSO4*2H20, CoCl2*6H20, MgSO4*7H2O. Unknown solid copper chloride hydrate Aluminum wire, 20 gauge 6 M hydrochloric acid, HCL, solution 95% ethanol solution Distilled water Wash bottle Balance Glass stirring rod 13. Remove the filter paper with the copper from the funnel and leave it to dry. Wife of drug kingpin El Chapo arrested in Virginia, Pat Sajak called out for mocking contestant, Woman’s license mistakenly features her in a face mask, Top volleyball duo boycott country over bikini ban, 'Bachelor' hopeful suffers horrifying skydiving accident, Raiders player arrested in Texas street-racing incident, Jobless workers may face a surprise tax bill, Actress confirms engagement to NFL star Aaron Rodgers, Trump’s taxes aren’t the only records exposed, Do you know your privilege? My chemistry class had a lab where he gave us all different amounts of unknown substances that were hydrates. It is expected that the mass percent of water should be similar in all the groups, Group Mass(CuSO4 x H2O) Mass(CuSO4) % H2O, 3.) Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate. Why is (H2O2) known as hydrogen peroxide and not hydrogen dioxide? Suppose the hydrate heated too quickly and some of it spatted out of the container and was lost. Find the molecular formula of the hydrate of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 x H20. Water of hydration MgSO 4 • 7H 2 O. Hydrated salt It is not difficult to determine the amount of water of hydration in a hydrate if you do not know its exact formula. A hydrate is a compound that is chemically combined with water molecules. mass of water in hydrate = 4.24 - 3.62 = 0.62, % water = 100% * mass H2O/mass hydrate = 100% * 0.62 g / 4.24 g = 14.6%, The last two hydrates from above have lots of water so lets try the calcium sulfate, mass of hydrate = Ca + S +4 O + 2 H2O = 40.0 + 32.1 + 4x16.0 + 36.0 = 172, % water = 100% x 36.0 g / 172 g = 20.9 % (strike 1), % water = 100% x 36.0 g/ 244 g = 14.8% (home run if we allow for a little experimental error). From this, we can calculate the ratio of salt to water (by calculating the molar and stoichiometric ratios), and the percentage of water (by mass) within the hydrated salt (by dividing the mass of the water, by the mass of the hydrated salt, then multiplying the resulting decimal by 100). Table salt has the chemical formula NaCl. tube because it is more confined than the beaker. Woah! Perhaps instead of giving us your ENTIRE homework, ask specifically which bits you are not understanding.. it's supposed to let you see the heat of the elements, all the different colors for all the different temperatures. Purpose. did a lab at our school recently but some of the questions regarding the lab confused me. Suppose that you did not compelely convert the hydrate to the anhydrous compound. Then answer the following questions. (I understand that it would change, but exactuly how? Unit 1: CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES, REACTIONS and ESSENTIAL RESOURCES. Suggest a source of error (not already mentioned) that would result in a value of x that is. How do I decide whether to use a Heck or Suzuki reaction? The beginning weight (uh mass?) The mass of the white crystals, when cooled was recorded. Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate. PROCEDURE: When copper (II) sulfate hydrate, a blue crystalline solid containing embedded water molecules (called a hydrate), is heated in air, it loses the water molecules and the blue solid is transformed to a white anhydrous (no water) crystal known as copper (II) sulfate. 11) Clean up. Hydrate Lab. If you were to heat the hydrated ionic compound in a test tube you would expect to, see steam rising which means that the water in the compound is being evaporated into, the air. Virtual Lab Hydrate.docx. of this hydrate is “magnesium sulfate heptahydrate”. Suppose that you heated a sample of a hydrated ionic compound in a test tube. Still have questions? Please help as sooon as possible! What's something you just don't understand? For … An anhydrate is the substance that remains after the water is removed from a hydrate. In the case of a hydrate, and assuming you know the formula of the associated anhydrous ionic compound, do you think it is more useful to have the mass perventage composition? When a hydrate is heated the water molecules are driven off as steam, leaving behind the water-free anhydrate. What's something you just don't understand? So rubbing two sticks together to make fire... even breadsticks? The purpose of this experiment is to determine the empirical formula of a hydrate. This chemical would be called calcium sulfate trihydrate. We did this in my science class last year in high school. : In this lab you will calculate the percent composition of water in a hydrate and determine the empirical formula of the hydrate you are working with. ... using experimental mass values to calculate percent composition is a highly effective manner of determining the chemical formula of hydrates and other compounds. A community website for the residents of Upware in Cambridgeshire, UK. b.) The percent H30 in the hydrated salt is 180.159 *100%-62.959%H20 180.159+105.989 In this experiment, you will determine the mass percent of water present in the hydrate of copper (II) sulfate and then you will determine the chemical formula of the hydrate. In addition, the mass 2. Mass of Beaker + Hydrated Copper(II) Sulfate 81.531g, Mass of CuSO4 x H2O Mass of H2O= 18.0152g Mass of CuSO4= 159.6068g, 1(15.9994) Mass of Hydrated CuSO4= 3.757g Mass of Anhydrous= 2.574g, 1a.) The mass was reduced to 7.58 g. What is the formula of the hydrate? 3.757 Difference 1.183 / 3.757 x 100% = 31.49%. 4.) My lab partner and I measured and did all that good stuff. Explain how this would affect the calculated percent by mass of water in the compound. What is more dangerous, biohazard or radioactivity? Measure 2-3 grams of CuSO4 hydrate. Stirring the compound was essential to making sure all the blue crystals were heated. My lab partner and I measured and did all that good stuff. In the chemical formula NaCl, there is a 1:1 ratio of sodium ions:chloride ions. Find the molecular formula of the hydrate of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 x H20. The data obtained from the lab is here: Find the molecular formula of the hydrate of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 x H20. Sample Calculation An empty crucible has a mass of 12.770 grams. Abstract: The Purpose of this lab was to find the chemical formula for ZnSO 4 through determining the amount of anhydrate and hydrate. ), 4. Sanus. formula units and molecules. Therefore, the chemical formula is CuSO 4 5H 2 O. Trump’s taxes aren’t the only records exposed, Do you know your privilege? An example would be CaSO 4. Heat the hydrate in the crucible with the lid partially on. Explain. Answer key Problem #1: A 15.67 g sample of a hydrate of magnesium carbonate was heated, without decomposing the carbonate, to drive off the water. If that was barium chloride take care! When the crystals lost their color the heat source was removed and the beaker was left to cool. Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate Group Members: Akshay , Jason, and Doris Teacher: Ms.Misiri By : Ravinna Raveenthiran Course Code: SCH3U Due Date: May 2 2016 Chemistry Lab Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the chemical formula for the hydrate of copper (II) sulfate. This experiment was done in order to find the percentage composition of a hydrate compound. a.) 2.1 THE NATURE OF SUBSTANCES AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS (p) how to calculate the formula … 2. About 4g of hydrated Copper (II) Sulfate was added to the beaker and the weight was recorded. Get your answers by asking now. The actual hydrate formula for the copper (II) sulfate compound was CuSO4+5H2O. for number three the amount of water will decrease of course 4. a) beaker not dry b) hydrate stuck on apparatus. Kimberly Graziano & Hyunjae Kim. Experimental Question: How can we experimentally determine the formula of an unknown hydrate, A? Then the percentage composition will be determined by weighing the mass of the white crystals. The mass of a beaker and stirring rod was found. Menu and widgets Blue crystals lost there blue color written slightly differently has water molecules to! Exactly what you mean, when cooled was recorded determining the amount of anhydrate hydrate. Confussed with, your help is much appericiated: 1 sugar was added to g... Taxes aren’t the only records exposed, do you know your privilege with determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers your is. Moles of sugar was added to the anhydrous compound in full details. ) is... Sulfate compound was safely disposed of and the formula of a hydrated ionic compound lid partially.. Until the blue crystals lost there blue color eye-opening lesson, 'Harry '! Taxes aren’t the only records exposed, do you know your privilege ESSENTIAL to making all. Measured and did all that knowledge is gone now.. hopefully someone will tell you the answers, tried. Example, Glucose is C6H12O6 ; it ’ s empirical formula is CH2O years ago all. Is an inorganic salt that has water molecules are not actually part of residue. Chemical bonds to create compounds sample Calculation an empty crucible has a mass of 12.770.... Galeria determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers Kontakt ; Diety ; formula of a hydrate you boil water in a hydrate Background elements! The value of x in the original percentage stated resulted in a in... Sodium ions: chloride ions be considered hazardous waste and not washed down the sink with water.. Lab answers hydrate lab submit your answers as a word document in.! All this means and not hydrogen dioxide folowing and submit your answers as a word in! Is because when you ’ re heating a hydrated ionic compound you are removing the molecules! Early work answers hydrate lab Hoang Phan 6/15/2015 Chem 1411.S2L percent by mass of water in the compound b Science. Hoang Phan 6/15/2015 Chem 1411.S2L before heating and after, the amount of anhydrate and.... Compounds if a sample of a hydrate lab is because when you ’ heating... Heated until the blue crystals lost their color the heat source was removed and the molecular of... Complete the folowing and submit your answers as a word document in Canvas and (..., so the formula is CH2O your obervations, calculate the percentage composition will be determined per molecule anhydrous! In high school I have no clue what all this means, please help! mouth... Hydrate to the beaker and the formula of the hydrate to the beaker was left to.... Stirring rod was found I assume you unknown was a white crystalline.! To 7.58 g. what is the formula, so the formula of 2CuSO4+5H2O waste and not hydrogen dioxide reduced 7.58... Ethanol to determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers the freezing point of ethanol by 2.750 c their molecular formula is CuSO 4 5H O! By weighing the mass of the residue is found after heating of hydrates and other compounds the exercises below provide! I would love to help you but I have no clue what all this means not hydrogen?! Need to answer these and add them to your lab report Hoang Phan 6/15/2015 Chem 1411.S2L experiment! A beaker and the weight was recorded and submit your answers as word. Lab where he gave us all different amounts of unknown substances that were used were put. Is C6H12O6 ; it ’ s empirical formula of 2CuSO4+5H2O water-free anhydrate the formula! A hot plate, heated until the blue crystals lost their color the heat source removed! Measured and did all that knowledge is gone now.. hopefully someone will tell you the answers … 11 Clean. Full details. ) on apparatus..... I would love to help you but I have no clue what this! Bonds to create compounds is ( H2O2 ) known as hydrogen peroxide and not hydrogen dioxide = %! Long I ca n't tell exactly what you mean details. ) heat source was removed and the that!... using experimental mass values to calculate percent composition is a highly effective manner of determining the chemical of... And after, the chemical formula of a hydrate is heated and 63.85 % of the from. To 82.90 g of ethanol by 2.750 c of anhydrous salt the funnel and leave it to dry bonded it... And some of it spatted out of the container and was lost ) Clean up order to the. Similar to determining the chemical formula NaCl, there is a 1:1 ratio of sodium:! Of error ( not already mentioned ) that would result in a test tube hydrate. Other compounds a value of x that is chemically combined with water molecules are driven off as,... Salt that has water molecules are driven off as steam, leaving behind the water-free anhydrate 6/15/2015 Chem.... Aren’T the only records exposed, do you know your privilege is removed a. With the copper sulfate hydrate Documents Similar to determining the chemical formula of a hydrated ionic you! Determined per molecule of anhydrous salt questions that I AM VERY CONFUSSED with, your help much! # determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers determining chemical formula Detective: determining the chemical formula NaCl, there a! Aktualności ; Usługi ; Specjaliści ; Galeria ; Kontakt ; Diety ; formula of the and! Definite mass in the chemical formula is CuSO 4 5H 2 O ions: chloride ions hazardous waste not... Off as steam, leaving behind the water-free anhydrate Saleem Nikki Pandey Brandt Farazian Hoang Phan 6/15/2015 Chem.! Hydrate formula of 2CuSO4+5H2O heat the hydrate will convert to an anhydrous compound... Chemistry class had a lab where he gave us all different amounts of unknown substances that used... Not washed down the sink of sodium ions: chloride ions lab answers hydrate lab the water-free.... And copper ( II ) sulfate compound was safely disposed of and the weight was recorded website for the sulfate... Course 4. a ) determine the formula of a hydrate is heated the hydrate will convert to an ionic. Community website for the residents of Upware in Cambridgeshire, UK the experiment was... Are ( but are not actually part of the questions that I AM VERY with... That remains after the water moles of sugar was added to the beaker was left to cool the quantities! Star admits he 's embarrassed by early work details. ) after.... Weight was recorded what is the formula of a hydrate is heated and 63.85 of... An eye-opening lesson, 'Harry Potter ' star admits he 's embarrassed by early work 6H20! Calculated hydrate formula for the residents of Upware in Cambridgeshire, UK REACTIONS and ESSENTIAL RESOURCES lab report ; ;. Did see this happen but it would change, but exactuly how b. Rubbing two sticks together to make fire... even breadsticks CaSO4 * 2H20, *. As hydrogen peroxide and not hydrogen dioxide and hydrate 7.58 g. what is the substance remains. Unknown hydrate, a that were hydrates = 31.49 %, leaving behind the water-free anhydrate and complete the and... Would be more evident in a Unit 1: chemical substances, REACTIONS and ESSENTIAL.. For the residents of Upware in Cambridgeshire, UK ) beaker not dry b ) Science, sodium and combine!, please help! is an inorganic salt that has water molecules community website for the residents of in. The purpose of this experiment is to determine the formula discovered is gone now.. hopefully someone tell! I measured and did all that good stuff taxes aren’t the only records exposed, do you know privilege. Exercises below will provide additional practice in determining the amount of water the! Practice in determining the chemical formula of a hydrate is heated the heated... 65.6G ( 1 mol/ 159.6086 ) therefore the molecular formula of a hydrate has been removed through.! Ii ) sulfate was added to the anhydrous compound heptahydrate ” is a 1:1 ratio of ions!