Materials: • Copies of Documents A-D • Copies of Graphic Organizer • Battle of Thermopylae PowerPoint Plan of Instruction: 1. The Greek rearguard, meanwhile, was annihilated, with a probable loss of 2,000 men, including those killed on the first two days of battle. The Battle of Thermopylae is believed to have been fought in August 480 BC, during the Persian Wars (499 BC-449 BC). 5) Battle of Thermopylae: The Numbers Game – Source: ThingLink. The earliest source material about the last stand of the Spartans comes from Herodotus in the 4th century B.C. The Persian "God king" Xerxes, master of the huge Persian Empire, was waging war on Greece for control of its lands and people. Nowadays, ancient ruins attest to its long-vanished greatness, but to the Greeks of the early 5th century bc, the Persian empire was young, aggressive and dangerous. Slide 2: Athens and Persia. Leonidas (c. 530-480 B.C.) It is during this battle that the Greek army, facing overwhelming odds, made one of the most famous last stands in the history of warfare. The confrontation at Thermopylae took place in the late summer of 480. a. The battle put an end to the Second Persian Invasion. The Truth . Xerxes, bent on revenge, had assembled a mighty force, some 300,000 strong, and marched it through Asia Minor and into northern Greece. The pass at Thermopylae was thus opened to the Persian army, according to Herodotus, at the cost to the Persians of up to 20,000 fatalities. Relevance. Lv 4. Answers: 1 Show answers Another question on History. The battle of Thermopylae was fought between the Greeks and the Persians in 480 BC. Favourite answer. What evidence does the historian use to back this claim? Herodotus Ctesias Bradford Matthews. There were approximately 7,000 Greek combatants engaged with the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae . This had been defeated at the historic Battle of Marathon. Battle that occurred approximately 2,500 years ago which lasted only 7 days, of which 3 days were confrontations. Introduction Thermopylae, view from electricity mast. Thermopylae was a narrow pass in the mountains that was easy to defend. It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the Battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. 1 decade ago. Some modern accounts seem to know exactly on what dates the battle fell, because Herodotus says (7. Use PowerPoint to introduce the Battle of Thermopylae and the lesson’s objectives. The term “Battle of Thermopylae” is generally accepted to refer to the fight which involved King Leonidas and the other Greek allies facing off against Xerxes and the Persians. The Battle of Thermopylae took place during the Second Medical War, when the Greek polis led by Sparta and Athens decided to unite to confront the Persian Empire invasion of Xerxes I. Thus, in 480 BC the allied army of 7,000 Greek soldiers who were led by 300 Spartans and King Leonidas reached the Pass of Thermopylae , which at that time was just 12 meters wide. evacuate the people of Athens . It is thought that the number of Greeks was closer to 7,000. When the cavalry were in the ships, the Persian soldiers were left defenseless. Battle of Thermopylae is most famous for the last stand of 300 Spartans though it is not known by many that it also involved 1100 warriors from other Greek states. When Sparta did not back down from Persia, what did Xerxes do? Therefore, Xerxes prepared himself well and built a very large army. was a king of the city-state of Sparta from about 490 B.C. But what’s known about the battle between the forces of Xerxes and Leonidas? So he … Responding, an alliance of Greek city-states, led by Athens and Sparta, assembled a fleet and an army to oppose the invaders. asmith1022_2006 . What was the Battle of Thermopylae? After careful preparations, the Persian king Xerxes decided to attack the Yaunâ (Greeks) in the summer of 480. Then Efialtes fled to Thessaly. The size of the Persian army is disputed. The long path to battle at Thermopylae began in what is now Iran, heart of the once vast Persian empire. The Battle Of 300. 4 years ago. Do you find this evidence reliable and convincing? Their first warning of the approach of the Immortals under Hydarnes was the rustling of oak leaves at first light on the third day of the battle. He took data from Herodotus Do you find this evidence reliable and convincing? The great Battle of Thermopylae and the valiant fight of 300 fearless Spartans under the command of warrior King Leonidas against 10,000 elite Persian soldiers is one of … The last stand at Thermopylae demonstrated that Sparta was willing to sacrifice itself for the protection of Greece. 0 1. pathos5858. Herodotos, the historian who covered the persian wars, mentions something like 5 million. A few months later, the Greeks were victorious in the naval battle of Salamis, and in 479 BC, the rest of the Persian army was defeated in the battle of Plataea. Leonidas received news from spies that the Persians were marching on the surrounding hills. sent an army to punish them. They retreated. History, 22.06.2019 08:30. I even … 206) the the festival of Apollo Carneia was on at Sparta and that the Olympic games were also in progress. It’s little spoiler to say the Greeks lost. How did communism during the age of totalitarian control affect religion? Perhaps better known today as “that battle from the movie 300,” the Battle of Thermopylae was an epic, three-day face-off between a small group of Greek soldiers and the massive Persian Army in 480 B.C. And what are the origins of the myth that just 300 Spartans fought against the vast Persian army? The Battle of Thermopylae fought in 480 BC during the Greco-Persian Wars (Persian Wars) pitted approximately 7,000 Greek soldiers led by the famous Spartan warriors against approximately 100,000 Persian soldiers (by some estimates 150,000 or more). History, 22.06.2019 01:00. Answers: 2. How many Persian soldiers were at the Battle of Thermopylae? While both films were entertaining, artistic license was certainly taken. Primary Source Documents A-D Document A: Herodotus Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who lived in the 5 th century BCE. Source(s): battle thermopylae persians killed 300 spartans: https://biturl.im/NB7Ov. Having been turned back at Marathon in 490 BC, Persian forces returned to Greece ten years later to avenge their defeat and conquer the peninsula. until his death at the Battle of Thermopylae against the Persian army in 480 B.C. What were the short-term and long-term impacts of the american revolution. 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