This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. 50 India, Koyambedu market Fig. Terminal (leaf) node. 1994. The Guava fruit is scientifically addressed as Psidium guajava. Figure 9. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. The most frequently eaten species, and the one often simply referred to as "the guava", is the apple guava ( Psidium guajava ). A few specimens have been collected in the United States (southern Texas and California), but Anastrepha striata is not currently established there (Norrbum 2001). Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. Wings are 5.9–7.7 mm long, with yellow brown bands; costal and S bands touching on vein R4+5 and usually again just anterior to vein R2=3, leaving a small hyaline spot in cell R3; V band complete, separated from S band, outer arm narrow. Single adults were captured in fruit fly detection trap in Apopka (Orange County) on 4 May 2001, in Oviedo, FL, on 30 July 2001, in Orlando (Orange County) on 29 February 2008 (Anderson and Dixon 2008), and in Orange County in late August 2011. Graphics by Division of Plant Industry. If an infestation were to go unchecked and to become established in U.S. areas such as California or Florida, Bactrocera correcta has the potential to become a major pest of citrus, peach and several kinds of tropical and subtropical fruit hosts. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. Ovipositor tip of an adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Anterior spiracles are small and asymmetrical in shape, anterior margin of each, in Anastrepha striata, bearing 13 to 17 tubules arranged in a transverse row with median indentation as seen in profile. These are important for all govt. Guava in Spanish can be different from Guava in English. In his original description of Bactrocera correcta (as Chaetodacus correctus, Bezzi (1915)) stated that Bactrocera correcta was very near Dacus zonatus (now Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) - the peach fruitfly), but it is distinguished by the color of the thorax, and chiefly by the facial black spots being united to form a black transverse band; the whitish cross-band on the second abdominal segment is less developed, and the hind tibiae of the male are distinctly tuberculate before the end, similar to that of two closely related species, Bactrocera zonata (previously Dacus zonatus) and Bactrocera tuberculata (Bezzi) (previously Dacus tuberculatus). Lateral half of brown stripe on mesoscutum from transverse suture to scutellum denuded in Anastrepha striata; brown stripe wholly setose in Anastrepha bistrigata. Microreticulation near base of the ovipositor of an adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Scientific name: Eudocima sp. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. Apple guava ( Psidium guajava) flower. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly. Third instar larva of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, lateral view. Bactrocera correcta is a brightly-colored brown and yellow fly approximately 6.0 millimeters (mm) in length. Bactrocera correcta occurs in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Organismo Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (OIRSA), San Salvador, Republica de El Salvador. Larvae can be collected from infested fruit, killed in boiling water, and placed in 50% alcohol for two days, then to 75% isopropyl alcohol, but specific identification based solely upon larvae is difficult. Unpublished M.S.thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville. Bactrocera zonata, in India called "the Ranchi peach-pest," is very injurious to peach, mango, and several other fruits, including ripe Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa (Bael fruit), Careya arborea Roxb., Ficus carica L. (cultivated fig, common fig, lemon fig), Lagenaria vulgaris (white gourd), and Manilkara zapota (L.) Van Royen (as Achras sapota) (sapodilla), all of which must be considered potential hosts of Bactrocera correcta. Figure 2. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Oxon, UK. 44-134. Adults usually are collected by stickyboard and baited traps. Bioecology and management of guava fruit fly Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). 1942. Basal segment short, approximately equal in length to terga 5 and 6 and about 0.8 mm long. Figure 6. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. Shape of hooks and form of pharyngeal skeleton provide useful identification characters, as do buccal carinae. 601 pp. Bactrocera correcta is a brightly colored little fly, predominately black with lateral yellow stripes, approximately 5.4 mm in length. Common Name: Peach Fruit Fly; Scientific Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae Hardy DE. The length of mesonotum is 2.45–3.57 mm. For larval preservation, kill in boiling water, place in 50% alcohol for 2 days, then to 75% isopropyl alcohol. Oxon, UK. This fly has yellow in color. Pruitt JH. The only species with thoracic pattern and wing pattern closely resembling this species is Anastrepha bistrigata Bezzi. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. 36 pp. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Triology, Vol 47, No.1. Figure 10. Guavas are comprised of about 100 species that belong to … Abdomen rufous above except for black basal marks on terga 2 and 3 and a median black vitta from terga 3 over 5. Guava, Psidium guajava L., is the preferred food host. Export India Publications. Exact origin of guava is unknown. The main damage is caused by the larvae, which feed inside the fruit (Norrbum 2001). This is the actual fly captured in Apopka, Florida on 4 May 2001. Wings are almost entirely hyaline with the subcostal cell yellow, a very faint tinge of yellow along the costal margin in apex of cell R1, and a narrow brown spot at lower apex of cell R3 and upper apex of cell R5. Egg of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata compared with other common Anastrepha species. Posterior spiracular entrances of Anastrepha striata about five times longer than wide; posterior spiracular hairs numerous and slender. Larvae can be collected from infested fruit, but are very difficult to identify except when raised to adults. In the West Indies, it is found in Trinidad (White and Elson-Harris 1994). The wings are clear with a light brown band along the leading edge and a … On the fruit-flies of the genus. Thoracic-Lateral view of an adult guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Figure 3. White IM, Elson-Harris MM. 5. Wing of an adult guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Scientific name i: Zeugodacus diversus: Taxonomy navigation › Hemigymnodacus. (ber, jujube, Chinese date). Here is the list of scientific name of Man, Animal, Fruit, Plant, Vegetables, Spices etc. The fruits are round, which range in size from 1-3 cm in diameter. It is an evergreen plant that flowers at least one to two times a year. The larval head is a compound structure appearing as a single small segment with no definite head capsule. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) zonata (Saunders) Guava fruit fly. Scientific name - Bactocera correcta Identification - Mainly, this insect damages the guava crop in rainy season. Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. But there is no good scientific evidence to support any uses of guava. Presence, absence, size, position, and number of these tubercles may be useful in identification of fruit fly larvae. Dacus (Strumeta) correctus (Bezzi) Guava, the juicy, pink, sliced fruit in the center, is high in antioxidants Fig. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. 1934. Posterior extremity of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, ventral view. Hardy (1973) stated that Bactrocera correcta is differentiated from other species known from Thailand and surrounding regions by having the face with the black transverse band at the lower third and by having the costal end of the wing interrupted in cell R3, beyond the tip of vein R2+3. In India, males were found to be attracted to tulsi plant (Ocimum sanctum) which yields aromatic oils, 40% of which are methyl eugenol. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. Wing of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. There are around 150 species of guava that can be found in tropical and sub-tropical areas around the world. Larvae - Dark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Caudal segment possesses pair of posterior spiracles, each with three long spiracular openings called "slits". Trap density in the area of the original finds was five traps per square mile. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. The oral cavity is composed of a longitudinal cavity which contains two black mouth hooks that move up and down. However, its host plants are not specifically listed under paragraphs (a), (b) or (c) of §301.32-2 Regulated articles. Adults usually are collected by use of stickyboard and baited traps. Psidium guajava, the common guava, yellow guava, or lemon guava, is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the Caribbean, Central America and South America. The scientific name of Guava is the botanical name or formal name. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. (White and Elson-Harris 1994). Bio-friendly management of Guava fruit fly (Bactrocera correcta Bezzi) through wrapping technique. Researchers believe that it originates from Central America and Mexico. Anastrepha striata is the only species of Anastrepha in which the mating behavior is known to include trophallaxis (passing of a substance from the male to the female via the mouthparts) (Norrbum 2001). This species is found in Mexico (north to southern Sinaloa, Aguascalientes and northern Veracruz) and south to Peru, Bolivia and Brazil. Caudal papillules of Anastrepha striata below posterior spiracles usually minute or apparently absent or arranged in a transverse row, in contrast, for example, to those of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), which are arranged in two rows. Family Tephritidae, pp. He indicated that Bactrocera correcta is readily differentiated by having the mesonotum predominantly black through the median portion of the mesonotum, covered with gray pubescence and with three rather indistinct subshining black, narrow vittae, rather than rufous; and usually by having a complete transverse band in the furrow across the lower part of the face, rather than the usual two black facial spots of related species. Guava trees bear more fruits in certain times of the year, a light crop in the spring and a heavier one in the fall. The fruit is used for high blood pressure. Figure 4. CAB International. In: Thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore (Madurai Campus), Mondal C K, Garain P K, Maitra N J, Atit Maji, 2015. Posterior spiracles (left) and posterior spiracle with spiracular hairs above (right) of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner. Cubital cell faintly yellow and no cubital streak developed. Posterior extremity of third instar larva of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. Common name i: Fruit fly: Synonym i-Other names i ›Diptera sp. Figure 7. At ripening stage guava releases a … The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. Bezzi M. 1915. Natural enemies of fruit fly: Parasitoids : Opius compensates, Spalangia philippinensis, and Diachasmimorpha krauss. Taxonomy: Medfly is the most widespread and pestiferous species of the genus Ceratitis. White IM, Elson-Harris MM. Caudal view of an adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), showing ovipositor sheath and fully extended ovipositor. Figure 5. Guavas are typical Myrtoideae, with tough dark leaves that are opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate and 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long. However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. Larva: The larva is a typical, pale yellowish-white fruit fly maggot, cylindrical in shape, with inconspicuous head and 11 body segments which are not clearly separable into thoracic and abdominal regions. The guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striataSchiner, is one of the most common species of fruit flies throughout most of its range. 1953. (2008). Sterna of both Figure 8. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Clave ilustrada de larvas de moscas de la fruta de la familia Tephritidae. Production of guava fruit can be cycled by systematic cultural manipulation, for example, pruning, fertilization, irrigation, and defoliation. Pharyngeal skeleton and mouth hooks of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, lateral view. Thoracic-Lateral view of an adult guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Figure 2. The rasper is well developed, hooks elongate, slender, in four or five rows. Management Head of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, lateral view, showing buccal carinae and anterior spiracle. Scientific name: Bactrocera tryoni. CAB International. Length, width, and position of these are useful characters in separating species. Terminal (leaf) node. Immature stages of Bactrocera correcta have not been described in the literature, and specimens were unavailable to the senior author from which to prepare descriptions. Another well-known pest in this group is the Natal fruit fly, Ceratitis rosa. Adult male guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Figure 5. It is easily pollinated by insects; in culture, mainly by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera. Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritide) systematics of the Indian subcontinent. 1994. Recorded hosts include Citrus spp., Coffea canephora Pierre ex Froehn. 69 pp. Stone A. Photograph taken in Australia. Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae. 53 Guava Daiquiri made with Bacardi Havana Club Rum, Redland Guava from Homestead, Florida and lime juice: Scientific name Anderson PJ, Dixon WN. Common Name: Guava Fruit Fly ; Scientific Name: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae There are about 950 species and 150 genera of fruit fly (Tephritidae) known in Africa, most of which form a natural component of Africa ’s rich and varied biodiversity, in many cases attacking wild fruits and flowers. An effort should be made to rear some larvae to adults in order to correctly associate larvae and adults and provide the basis for accurate specific identification. Identification of Fruit Fly Larvae Frequently Intercepted at Ports of Entry of the United States. Most species which attack commercially grown fruit crops belong to just two genera, Ceratitis (95 species) and Dacus (195 species) (White & Goodger, 2009). Of the two additional adult males detected, one was trapped in a Jackson/methyl eugenol trap hung in a peach tree in Westminster, the other in a Jackson/methyl eugenol trap deployed in a grapefruit tree in Midway City. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. Ovipositor of an adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropi… A guava fruit fly. 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