Writing – original draft, The evidence supported our hypothesis that group differences in peer associations and activity-based identities help explain activity group differences. Substance abuse, body weight, and exercise did not mediate these associations. The Sport Participation Research Project analyses data for organised sport participation over three years, from 2015 to 2017. Survey of national sample of Norwegian high school students (aged 13-19 years) in 1992 (T1) followed-up in 1994 (T2), 1999 (T3) and 2006 (T4) (n = 3251). Interestingly, the different sports settings also attracted participants with different perceived health statuses, with informal (e.g., public space) participants in general reporting poorer perceived health compared to club members. Ordinal regression analyses were used to investigate the effects of sports settings, the level of self-determined motivations and goals, and interaction effects of motivations and goals with different sports settings, on sports frequency. A Norwegian study showed that adults who exercise in natural environments reported stronger motives concerning convenience (e.g., easy accessibility in terms of time, location, money and ‘practising at their own pace’) and experiencing nature than did gym or organized sports participants, who reported stronger motives for improving physical health and sociability [9]. Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, Roles Australian adolescents’ extracurricular activity participation and positive development: Is the relationship mediated by peer attributes? Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, As previously described, research in the area of sports participation has mostly come from cross-sectional data analysis. that 8% of the variance in antisocial behavior and 7% of the variance in prosocial behavior could be attributed to characteristics The sample consisted of N=260 male and female soccer players and competitive swimmers, 12 to 18 years of age. Ss were categorized according to gender, amount of physical contact, highest level of organized sport participation, and years of participation. Moreover, for sports and health promotion purposes, it is interesting to compare the results with the motivations, goals and barriers related to the use of specific sports settings of non-participants as potential new sports participants. The entry concludes with a recommendation that future research treats sports as a unique environment, where levels of aggression, violence, and competitiveness may differ. Data were gleaned from open-ended interviews with 14 retired elite athletes, 6 males and 8 females, from a variety of sports. Users of different sports settings differed in their personal characteristics, motivations and goals. “The fast-growing sports participation market brings opportunities for not only the sports industry but also brands in other categories. According to Borgers et al. Future research should consider whether adults participate in more than one type of sport and/or using multiple sports settings, as this might be associated with motivations, goals and sports frequency. Individual types of sports were most popular (70.1%), including working out individually in a gym (19.3%), running (13.2%) and types of cycling (11.6%). For instance, their sports frequency could be fostered trough autonomy and flexibility. 0-1 hour 1-2 hours 2-5 hours 5-10 hours 10-12 hours 12 + hours Question Title * 9. There were smaller differences favoring athletes on social scales, global esteem, and the total self-concept. In contrast, participation in team sports was linked to positive educational trajectories and to high rates of involvement in one risky behavior, drinking alcohol. Sports participation was defined as ‘purposeful active participation in sports related physical activities performed during leisure-time’ [10,29,30]. Sport Participation Research Initiative, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Regression and polynomial regressions indicated that males rated RVB significantly more acceptable than females. Sports Participation, Physical Activity, and Health-Related Fitness in Youth With Chronic Diseases or Physical Disabilities The Health in Adapted Youth Sports Study . Funding: This work was funded by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (grant number: 328-98-008) (ID). We have excluded the following respondents from the analyses: those who did not participate in sports or who participated less than once a month (N = 477), those who participated in an inactive form of sports (e.g., bridge) (N = 20), and respondents with missing sociodemographic data (N = 256). INTRODUCTION: Sports participation, while offering numerous developmental benefits for adolescents, has been associated with alcohol use in prior research. Education was classified into three levels based on the highest self-reported level of completed education: 1) lower education (i.e., no education, primary education, and lower professional education), 2) middle education (i.e., intermediate and higher general education), and 3) higher education (i.e., higher professional education and university). We discuss implications of the findings for the implementation of extracurricular programs that support adolescent development. According to the socio-ecological approach, there are multiple influences on specific health behaviours, including factors on the intrapersonal, interpersonal, environmental levels. The use of frequency of participation in specific studies complements those that have previously been limited to the core definition of participation. We would like to thank respondents that took part in our online survey. The mean age was 50.6 (SD = 15.8), and 55.1% of respondents were women. Image goals had stronger positive association with sports frequency among participants in non-club organized settings and club-organized settings than among participants in informal settings such as the public space. Sports participation statistics from the National Sporting Goods Association, an American trade association. On the other hand, despite strong controlled motivations and extrinsic goals of social recognition and image, club members participate very frequently and spend more time in sports [5]. No, Is the Subject Area "Physical activity" applicable to this article? here. All variables that relate to sports participation … Specifically, these previous studies found that those who participated in sport also reported higher … More insight into these mechanisms may help in determining what strategies may be useful to further promote sports participation among users of different settings. Involvement in prosocial activities was linked to positive educational trajectories and low rates of involvement in risky behaviors. Club-organized sports settings were associated with participants who were focussed on intrinsic goals related to skill development and social affiliation and on extrinsic goals related to social recognition from others and image. Compared to users of other settings, members of sports clubs more often lived in rural areas (38.1%) and perceived their health as very good (18.4%), and a relatively large number of them participated in sports very frequently (at least 3 times a week) (31.8%). However, these benefits are not distributed equally to all participants. Sports setting was categorized into three groups: 1) club-organized settings: users of official sports club facilities, as members of sports clubs, 2) non-club organized settings: users of facilities such as gyms, health centres or swimming pools, without traditional club membership, and 3) informal (public space) settings: users of (mostly) public spaces practising sports in an unorganized or informal way (e.g., individually, with a friend, or in a small group). However, these same social processes have also been demonstrated to be linked to risk‐taking behavior when the sporting context exposes adolescents to peers with risky attributes. Higher levels of attainment value and ability self-concept in sport were related to more identity and flow experiences. – . There are sportsmanlike conducts as forms of alternatives to these types of behaviors. The goals of sports club participants were relatively often related to social affiliation (M = 3.8; SD = 0.8), skill development (M = 3.6; SD = 0.9), and social recognition (M = 2.1; SD = 0.8). Furthermore, multivariate ordinal regression analyses were performed to investigate how sports frequency (outcome variable) was determined by motivations, goals, and the use of sports settings, controlled for confounders. Funding acquisition, Extensive survey information was collected from a predominately White sample of middle class adolescents in 9th, 10th, and 12th grades. Participants responded to the question ‘Why did you participate in your principal sport during the past 12 months?’. 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