The Battle of Jutland (31 May - 1 June 1916) was the largest naval battle of the First World War. Scheer had turned again after nightfall and crossed astern of Jellicoe’s battle squadrons, resolutely brushing aside the British rearguard of light cruisers and destroyers in a series of sharp actions which caused losses on both sides. 3.7 out of 5 stars 14. Casualties were listed as 2,551 killed and 507 wounded. It was the only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships actually came to blows. Hipper’s fleet was to steam north from Wilhelmshaven to a point off the Norwegian coastline. As it was, because he overrated the danger of a torpedo attack, he ordered a turn away, and the two opposing lines of battleships steamed apart at more than 20 knots (23 miles [37 km] per hour). The 1916 Battle of Jutland was the only major naval engagement of WWI and pitted the UK Grand Fleet against the Imperial German High Seas Fleet. This was the crisis of the Battle of Jutland. The broadside of Jellicoe’s entire line could thus be brought to bear on the Germans, who could only reply with the forward guns of their leading ships. Beatty immediately withdrew northward to lure the enemy toward the rest of the Grand Fleet, the 5th Battle Squadron covering the withdrawal. The Baltic and North seas and the English Channel. When it was over, 25 ships were at the bottom of the North Sea and more than 8,500 men were dead, three quarters of them Britons. Hipper led his group to sea at 1:00 am on May 31—the van of a fleet of 100 ships manned by approximately 45,000 officers and men. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Jutland, 1914-1918-online - International Encyclopedia of the First World War - Battle of Jutland, National Records of Scotland - Battle of Jutland 1916, History Learning Site - The Battle of Jutland. It was fought on May 31-June 1, 1916, in the North Sea near Jutland, the northward-pointing peninsular mainland of Denmark. Only German U-boats (submarines) were capable of jeopardizing the safety of the British merchant fleet, and their success was limited at this stage of the war. Never again did battle fleets meet again in … It was the submarines on both sides which caused the first damage: on the German side, the battleship Westfalen went limping home with damage from a torpedo; on the British side, the light cruiser Nottingham sank off the Farne Islands after being hit three times on the morning of August 19. For Jellicoe it was a moment of triumph; for Scheer it was one of unparalleled danger. The battle involved 250 warships of the British and German navies, and, in terms of combined tonnage of vessels engaged, was the largest naval battle in history. Its whole outlook, fashioned by centuries of tradition, was based on the premise that so long as the sea routes were open for trade, the future of Britain and its empire was secure. Cambridge Core - Military History - The Battle of Jutland. by Geoffrey Bennett | Sep 19, 2015. For the Royal Navy, command of the seas was of paramount importance. It was also the first and only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships met each other in battle. It was this augmented fleet which Scheer now sought to ensnare and destroy before the remainder of the Grand Fleet could sortie south from Scapa to its rescue. The German High Seas Fleet hoped to weaken the Royal Navy by launching an ambush on the British Grand Fleet in the North Sea. The Battle of Jutlandor the Battle of the Skagerrak, as it was known to the Germansengaged a total of 100,000 men aboard 250 ships over the course of 72 hours. The High Seas Fleet had rigidly adhered to Scheer’s plan, though Hipper was as yet uncertain whether his scouting group had lured Beatty’s fleet across the North Sea. German Admiral Reinhard Scheer planned to lure out both Admiral Sir David Beatty’s Battlecruiser Force and Admiral Sir John Jellicoe's Grand Fleet. Battle of Jutland - Aftermath: At Jutland, the British lost 3 battlecruisers, 3 armored cruisers, and 8 destroyers, as well as 6,094 killed, 510 wounded, and 177 captured. In late spring 1916, after months of calm in the North Sea following the naval action at the Dogger Bank, the main British and German fleets met in a face-to-face encounter for the first time. Roughly 10 minutes later, Commodore E.S. Jellicoe, not knowing whether a mine or a torpedo had been responsible for the sinking, turned north and for two hours steamed away from the enemy. It took place during the First World War off the coast of North West Jutland. Miraculously, there were no collisions. Imperial War Museums - What Was The Battle of Jutland? Ships of the German High Seas Fleet, June 1916. The public was notoriously sanguine, even the OTL strategic victory at Jutland was enough to completely disgrace Jellicoe in the public eye. The Battle of Jutland was a naval encounter between the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer on 31st May to 1st June 1916. Scheer hoped to destroy Beatty’s force before Jellicoe’s arrived, but the British were warned by their codebreakers and put both forces to sea early. To Jellicoe it was by no means clear what had taken place. 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