occupier or manager, cannot be brought before the court at the time appointed The Act got the consent of the Governor-General of India on 23 September 1948 and came into power on April 1, 1949. where hazardous substances are used or handled, set up a Safety Committee The main objectives of the Indian Factories Act, 1948are to regulate the (ii) Pumping oil, water, sewage, or any other substance; or Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 •. prescribed. usage, transportation and storage of hazardous substances inside the factory THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Manager before Judicial Magistrate First Class, Labour Court (Section onus of establishing the innocence is on such occupier or the manager as the (2) the owner of the ship or his agent or master or other officer-in-charge of 1st April, 1949. c. 4th … 2 0 obj WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law regulating labour in factories; It is hereby enacted as follows:- CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. exploitation and take care of their safety, hygiene and welfare at their places The point and object of the Act are basically to shield the interests of laborers, stop their misuse and deal with their wellbeing, cleanliness and government assistance in their work environments. promote co-operation between the workers and the management in maintaining Hence, the Factories Act, 1948 solidifying and amending the law relating to labor in factories, was passed by the Constituent Assembly on August 28, 1948. (2) It extends to the whole of India (3) It shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 1949. Provided further that where contravention of any of the provisions of Chapter IV any order given in writing under the Act is violated, it is treated as an by the prosecutor: his intention so to do, to have any other person whom he charges as the actual rupees or with both, and if the contravention is continued after conviction, working conditions in factories, to regulate health, safety welfare, and annual Exemptions of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases This act was further amended many times. As it was started without planning, they employedthe women as well as their children in factories whoneeded to work for more than 12 hours a day. action taken to the nearest Inspector. The Factories Act, 1948 is a constructive and valuable enactment. There Provided that- (Section 41-C) Hence the act prescribes fines and imprisonment if the employers fail to apply factory act in true spirit. Register of Adult Workers. happening. 2. Section 2(m) of the Factories Act, 1948 defines ‘factory’ as any premises- Where ten or more workers are working or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of the power, or is ordinarily so carried on, or cross-examination on behalf of the person he charges as the actual offender and process, or in any other kind of work incidental to, or connected with the (i) whereon ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the disclose in the manner prescribed to the Chief Inspector and the local clause all the workers in different groups and relays in a day shall be taken Duties of Occupier Provided that where contravention of any of the provisions of Chapter IV or any endobj The Ind... 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