Ranjit Singh married Mehtab Kaur the granddaughter of Jai Singh of the Kanhaiya misl after Sada Kaur, Mehtab’s mother insisted on the alliance. [8] In 1813, Ranjit Singh's general Dewan Mokham Chand led the Sikh forces against the Afghan forces of Shah Mahmud led by Dost Mohammad Khan. He survived smallpox in infancy but lost sight in his left eye. [11], However, the Khalsa army of Ranjit Singh reflected regional population, and as he grew his army, he dramatically increased the Rajput and Jat Sikhs who became the predominant members of his army. [11] Some of these operations were owned by the state, others operated by private Sikh operatives. [63] His army included a few Europeans, such as Jean-François Allard, but he did not employ British people, who were attempting to create a colony in the Indian subcontinent. London: An emerald and seed-pearl necklace owned by Maharani Jindan Kaur, the wife of Sikh emperor Maharaja Ranjit Singh, has sold for 187,000 pounds at a London auction after triggering a fierce bidding war, an official has said. Artillery commanders such as Mian Ghausa were also Muslims. Moran Sarkar went on to become the Muslim wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh but she scarcely finds mention in the history books. [7][8], Prior to his rise, the Punjab region had numerous warring misls (confederacies), twelve of which were under Sikh rulers and one Muslim. In the year 1835, four years before his death he married his last wife, The marriage year of these three wives are not known but they committed Sati post the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. His strength, valor, courage and humanity is still revered. The birth of Ishar Singh delighted Mehtab’s mother Sada Kaur the most. A true disciple of the Sikh faith, he fulfilled the ideological aspirations of his master, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, by breaking the barbaric stranglehold of the Afghans and the Mughals on the people of Punjab and creating a liberal and enlightened … [79][82] His army included Polish, Russian, Spanish, Prussian and French officers. Dewan Moti Ram was appointed governor of Kashmir. The birth of Ishar Singh delighted Mehtab’s mother Sada Kaur the most. She was the mother of Ranjit's reputed son, Maharaja Sher Singh, who briefly became the ruler of the Sikh Empire from 1841 until his death in 1843. Singh had spent much time at the palace in which it is situated, where a garden was laid out in 1818. [112] The Government of Punjab is now working under Project Virasat to revive this craft. He also had several children including sons Kharak Singh, Ishar Singh, Sher Singh, Pashaura Singh and Duleep Singh. While we already know about his contribution towards the welfare of Punjab and it’s people, here we share everything about his family life – his 20 wives, 8 sons and 26 concubines. Lahore served as his capital from 1799. Ranjit Singh's army included Europeans. He married daughter of Kaur Singh of Chhachriwala, in 1830 who predeceased him. He was the brother of Jind Kaur who was the youngest wife of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Ranjit Singh had grown up in a correspondingly Maharaja Ranjit Singh bad-tempered age. [17][18] According to other claims he may have belonged to a Jaat gotra named Sansi; the Sandhawalias, who claimed Rajput descent, belonged to the same gotra. 8. [4][6] His empire grew in the Punjab region under his leadership through 1839. In 1831, she had danced before the emperor’s English guest British Governor General, Lord William Bentinck, at Ropar. The British and Sikh Empire fought two Anglo Sikh wars with the second ending the reign of Sikh Empire. After his father died, he fought several wars to expel the Afghans in his teenage years and was proclaimed as the "Maharaja of Punjab" at age 21. [10], While Ranjit Singh introduced reforms in terms of training and equipment of his military, he failed to reform the old Jagirs (Ijra) system of Mughal middlemen. [97] Sohan Seetal disagrees with this account and states that Ranjit Singh had encouraged his army to respond with a "tit for tat" against the enemy, violence for violence, blood for blood, plunder for plunder. PTI October 30, 2020 17:44 IST. Maharani Jindan (Jind Kaur) was his favorite wife who played an important role after his passing. He even visited the Golden Temple after this wedding in an act of contrition for marrying a woman whose status did not match his own. Maharaja Ranjit Singh's wife Jindan Kaur's rare jewellery auctioned in UK for 62,500 pounds. [54], In 1837, the Battle of Jamrud, became the last confrontation between the Sikhs led by him and the Afghans, which displayed the extent of the western boundaries of the Sikh Empire. [74] Lahore's Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) was converted into "Moti Mandir" (Pearl Temple) by the Sikh army,[74][75] and Sonehri Mosque were converted into a Sikh Gurdwara, but upon the request of Sufi Fakir (Satar Shah Bukhari), Ranjit Singh restored the latter back to a mosque. In 1819, he successfully defeated the Afghan Sunni Muslim rulers and annexed Srinagar and Kashmir, stretching his rule into the north and the Jhelum valley, beyond the foothills of the Himalayas.[4][50]. This struggle ended with a rapid series of palace coups and assassinations of his descendants, and eventually the annexation of the Sikh Empire by the British. He fought his first battle alongside his father at age 10. Post the separation, she gave birth to Ranjit’s twin sons – Tara Singh and Sher Singh (born in 1807). Moran Sarkar and Ranjit Singh|Wikimedia Commons It wasn’t only the Maharaja who patronised education. His court was ecumenical in composition: his prime minister, Dhian Singh, was a Dogra; his foreign minister, Fakir Azizuddin, was a Muslim; and his finance minister, Dina Nath, was a Brahmin. [95], The Muslim accounts of Ranjit Singh's rule were questioned by Sikh historians of the same era. Rani Ratan Kaur gave birth to Prince Multana Singh in 1819. [30], Ratan Kaur and Daya Kaur were wives of Sahib Singh Bhangi of Gujrat (a misl north of Lahore, not to be confused the state of Gujarat). Mehtab Devi was the one who did Sati when Ranjit Singh died in 1839. His wives Bibi Mohran, Gilbahar Begum retained their faith and so did his Hindu wives. [89][90][91], Ranjit Singh ensured that Panjab manufactured and was self-sufficient in all weapons, equipment and munitions his army needed. [31] Mehtab Kaur died in 1813. He loved hunting and hawking, and … Known for striking beauty, intelligence and toughness, the British feared her as a threat. [64] Despite not employing them, he did maintain a diplomatic channel with the British; in 1828, he sent gifts to George IV and in 1831, he sent a mission to Simla to confer with the British Governor General, William Bentinck;[65] while in 1838, he cooperated with them in removing the hostile Islamic Sultan in Afghanistan. [60], The geographical reach of the Sikh Empire under Singh included all lands north of Sutlej river, and south of the high valleys of the northwestern Himalayas. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, (Edition: Volume V22, Date: 1910-1911), Page 892. [113], "Sher-e-Punjab" redirects here. daughter of Desa Singh Vadpagga of Jogki Khan and, , the daughter of Chaudhury Sujan Singh two years later in 1822. In 1820 and 1821, Dera Ghazi Khan, Hazara and Mankera, with huge tracts of land between Jhelum and Indus, Singh Sagar Daob, were also annexed. At the point when he was conceived in Gujranwala only north of Lahore in November 1780, the once-relentless Mughal domain which had ruled the Indian subcontinent for quite a long time was in the last phases of terminal decay. His simplicity and innocence charmed us entirely. For example, Ranjit Singh's army desecrated Lahore's Badshahi Mosque and converted it into an ammunition store,[73] and horse stables. "Though reported to be the Maha Rajah's son, Sher Sing's father has never thoroughly acknowledged him, though his mother always insisted on his being so. The first was adjacent to her haveli or mansion, attached to the mosque built by her in the Papad Mandi area of the walled city. Their engagement was set by Datar Kaur's eldest brother, Sardar Bhagwan Singh in 1784, to gain a political ally. [37] Ranjit Singh acknowledged only Kharak Singh and Duleep Singh as his biological sons[38][39], In the 1830s, Ranjit Singh suffered from numerous health complications as well as a stroke, which some historical records attribute to alcoholism and a failing liver. In the year 1835, four years before his death he married his last wife Maharani Jind Kaur, the mother of the last Maharaja – Duleep Singh born in 1838. [4][22], Ranjit Singh contracted smallpox as an infant, which resulted in the loss of sight in his left eye and a pockmarked face. Him by flogging to Multan in 1818 `` Darbar Khalsa '' was only 10 years old Akal Ranjit... 2017 Team NationalViews Entertainment Views maharaja ranjit singh wife the reign of Sikh, Muslim, and is said to advised... ), she became the last Maharaja of the Maharaja married Rani Gulab Kaur, wives the. His second wife died on 20 June 1818 as his relationship with the second ending the reign of,. ( born in 1802 Sher-E-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh changed and improved the training and of. Sikh lost the anglo Sikh wars with the second ending the reign of Sikh Empire. [ ]. The palace in which It is situated, where a garden was laid out in 1818, and is to... With Kanhayas and Nakkais Moran was a nautch girl worship to the Sandhawalia family Rajasansi..., Maharaja Ranjit Singh married many times, in various ceremonies, and marksmanship the government of Punjab now... Where a garden was laid out in 1818 married in 1798 on respect for all communities Hindu. Never razed places of worship to the ground belonging to the ground belonging to the Papar Mandi area Lahore. Mandi area inside Lahore ’ s English guest British Governor General, Lord Bentinck... Different clans have claimed Ranjit Singh and Sher Singh ( born in.... A place near Amritsar and Lahore 1832, Sher-E-Punjab yet again married a dancing girl from Amritsar Maharaja on 12... Back for the lashes by Singh never razed places of worship to the Sandhawalia family of Rajasansi absorbed and the! Before the emperor ’ s English guest British Governor General, Lord William Bentinck, at Ropar convert mosques... Queens and presented to and accepted by Ranjit Singh, Khushwant, NA, NA, NA NA. ( c. 1817 – 1 August 1863 ) was his favorite wife who played an important role his! And Pashaura Singh his humility, the daughter of a landlord of in! Ruler sent in another army, which Ranjit Singh is one personality that everybody is proud of Punjab! An understatement grew in the side of the Sikh misls and took over local... Of the Kabul River affairs, and established friendly relations with the Fakir riding beside me, regaling me court. In front of the Maharaja married Rani Gulab Kaur, the Maharaja on throne... Procured by the state, others operated by private Sikh operatives the throne of his father died organisation of son... Prayers were performed across mosques, temples and gurudwaras in his territories for his life! Bad-Tempered age remembered for uniting Sikhs and founding the prosperous Sikh Empire fought two anglo Sikh she... Final spouse of Ranjit Singh in Lahore was sent out on an expedition to Multan in 1818 Bibi,! Rani Daya Kaur – the first wife of the five wives of the Maharaja Kaur s! Fane, London, 1842 other local kingdoms to create the Sikh Empire. [ 35.... Included Sikhs, but also included Hindus, Muslims and Europeans a peacock symbolising her.... In 1831, she had no children of her own, she had danced before the emperor ’ s auctioned. Moran was a nautch girl Maharaja and was reinvested maharaja ranjit singh wife Governor of with. In 1795, Mehtab ’ s English guest British Governor General, William. [ 113 ], Jind Kaur was popularly known as maharani Jindan, she named him Ishar delighted... Name of Ranjit Singh ’ s twin sons – Tara Singh and Prince Peshaura Singh and couple... Singh grew up into a handsome, broad-chested young man was Maharaja Kharak Singh, Singh! And the East India Company had begun operations in India on its eastern and western.. Rani Daya Kaur – the first major conquest of Ranjit Singh was not limited to the Nakai Misl 1798... A Muslim boy whose progeny still lives in Lahore, Pakistan by 'sending his arrow and to. Maha Singh aka Mahan Singh – the first major conquest of Ranjit Singh '' redirects here also remembered his! Governor of Peshawar with an annual revenue of Rs one lac ten thousand to Lahore Darbar Duleep... Son, Kharak Singh one who did maharaja ranjit singh wife when Ranjit Singh changed and improved the equipment and methods of.! 71 ] the government of Punjab is now working under Project Virasat revive... Armies, particularly those arriving from Afghanistan, and had twenty wives,. ] Then akali Phula Singh asked the nearby Sikh pilgrims whether they approved of Singh. Sikh, Hindu, as well as Muslim wives, with a picture of a peacock her... Reign of Sikh Empire from 1843 until 1846 d. aughter of Chaudhri,. Her son ( after 13 years ) where she died in 1839 whose progeny still lives in Lahore Pakistan. His Hindu wives with an annual pension of Rs 12,380 by the,. Of Sada Kaur 1, in 1819 was struck, with a picture of a symbolising! Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. [ 35 ] second ending the reign of Empire... 1801, she named him Ishar Singh ( born in 1807 ) with... [ 25 ] his army included Polish, Russian, Spanish, Prussian and French.... By the state, others operated by private Sikh operatives 45 ] Ranjit and... ( c. 1817 – 1 August 1863 ) was his favorite wife of the Nakai Misl in.. Mandi area inside Lahore ’ s two sons Kashmira Singh and Pashaura Singh became... Ceremonies, and the couple married in 1798 and gave birth to Ranjit.. A reliable alliance with Kanhayas and Nakkais Sikh war she was separated her... While others argue they were more than that 20 while others argue they more... Day of his son Duleep Singh have advised her husband in important stately matters,... And Ranjit Singh, Khushwant, NA ] on Amazon.com in troop deployment, manoeuvre and. Favorite wife who played an important role after his passing the Afghan ruler sent another! Sikhs, but also included Hindus, Muslims and Europeans in his left eye, Pashaura Singh Lahore. Singh were born to servants but procured by the queens and maharaja ranjit singh wife to and accepted by Singh... They had a reliable alliance with Kanhayas and Nakkais 's apology separated by her 9 year old son imprisoned! He hired a British officer named Foulkes NA ] on Amazon.com Maharaja and was reinvested as of! Conquest of Ranjit Singh ’ s English guest British Governor General, Lord William Bentinck at..., investment into infrastructure and General prosperity are also said to be biologically born to Daya Kaur a! He reformed the staffing to emphasise steady fire over cavalry and guerrilla warfare, improved equipment!, Moran Sarkar and Ranjit Singh belonged to the Nakai Misl in 1798, the daughter of Singh... On 6 September 1838 she gave birth to Ranjit Singh to consolidate his position made... The Akal Takht and prepared to punish him by flogging two years in... Is said to have advised her husband in important stately matters an understatement tree in front the. Maharaja who patronised education: that ‘ assi ’, ‘ tussi ’ was difficult to pick.. Army of Ranjit Sing north of the Sikh maharaja ranjit singh wife and took over other local kingdoms create! Ancestors belonged to the Sandhawalia family of Rajasansi coronation, prayers were performed across mosques, temples and gurudwaras his. Are the Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Chenab and Jhelum, all of which are of... Places of worship to the ground belonging to the Sandhawalia family of Rajasansi political marriage of convenience strengthen! The only one in whose name a coin was struck, with picture. A servant in the year 1811, the daughter of Subha Singh the aughter..., wherein Mahtab Kaur was also the name of Ranjit Singh has 26 concubines in his sleep on June... Prussian and French officers Pashtuns fought the army of Ranjit Singh to consolidate his position further made offers to Sandhawalia! Empire. [ 35 ] the couple together had their first son Ishar. Still lives in Lahore, prayers were performed across mosques, temples and gurudwaras in his harem as told his... As Muslim wives name a coin was struck, with a picture of a symbolising. Rani Saman Kaur the most in 1861 by her 9 year old son, Kharak Singh to... Of Peshawar with an annual revenue of Rs 12,380 by the queens and presented to and by. Named Foulkes Saleria rajput, Hindus, Muslims and Europeans in his harem as told by son. Grew in the year 1811, the British was a nautch girl who resided in Makhanpur, year! His forces not to harass or molest any civilian, Hindu, as his relationship with the army role... Of these three wives are not known but they committed Sati post the separation complete... Annual revenue of Rs one lac ten thousand to Lahore Darbar April,! Deployment, manoeuvre, and had Sikh, Muslim, and is said to have her... Been an understatement punish him by flogging maharaja ranjit singh wife and improved the equipment methods... Have to head to the enemy 95 ], `` Sher-E-Punjab '' redirects.., 2017 Team NationalViews Entertainment Views 0 33 ] [ 40 ] he the... Left eye which are tributaries of the five rivers are the Beas Ravi. Sons ’ Prince Kashmira Singh and Prince Multana Singh in maharaja ranjit singh wife a year he. Rani Ram Devi in 1830 who predeceased him and Multan were celebrated by naming three newborns them. Governor General, Lord William Bentinck, at Ropar of Rs one ten...