ical maturity and the yield was determined in tons per hectare in May 2020. In terms of tonnage, sorghum is Africa's second most important cereal. 2010). Sorghum is an important crop in our local economy. b Department of Plant Production and Soil Science, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. ... Yield Estimate Calculator MAIZE. This two-meter tall plant from the grass family is often grown in regions that have high temperatures and lower rainfall. With this years’ yield I can start selling at the open markets, which … TONNES PER HECTARE. Sorghum is the fifth most produced grain globally. In 2017, cereal yield for South Africa was 5,648 kg per hectare. The United States is the major supplier of sorghum to South Africa with more than 90 percent of total sorghum imports. I sell sorghum for N$ 312 per 50 kg to ladies who make oshikundu for daily consumption and omaluvo giilya for weddings and other festivities. Waltham variety matures 90 to 100 days after transplanting and can yield five to six tonnes per acre. Bounty is a good all round forage option for grazing, silage or hay. In the 2017/18 MY, exports amounted to 5,020 tons. South Africa - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) The value for Cereal yield (kg per hectare) in South Africa was 5,648.20 as of 2017. The study was designed to track the trend of sorghum production and yield over a period of 53 years from 1961 to 2013. areas of sorghum production are listed in Table 1 (FAO, 1995). ExploGrow™ (SumaGrow) treated trees produced an estimated 5kg to 8kg extra per tree, compared with the untreated trees. Being classed in the lower risk group for prussic […] As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 5,648.20 in 2017 and a minimum value of 911.40 in 1965. Thus, the immediate need is to improve the yield stability, together with whatever yield increase is compatible with that stability. South Africa continues to export sorghum to its neighboring countries such as Botswana and Eswatini. Talegeta Loul, general manager of Ethiopia-based Re-nature Eternal Life Agro Processing SC, said that the national average yield for sorghum is about 2,400 kilograms per hectare, but the new variety could increase yields fivefold. Financial Challenges: A lot of sorghum farmers do not have access to the substantial amount of capital needed to cover the production cost of a high yield sorghum farming business. Yield was determined without fungicide application, Graph 1: Area planted to sorghum (ha) and production (tons) during 2009 to 2019 in South Africa. Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Implement and tractor paths are left for management practices and harvesting. South Africa imported 45,739 tons of sorghum in the 2017/18 MY. avocado yield per hectare in south africa. Download PDF Bounty Forage Sorghum has been bought in as a replacement for the long standing Zulu 2. Among the developed countries, average yields in the United States range around 6 tons per hectare. • South African average sweet potato consumption is approximately 48 550 tons per annum. It was followed by South Africa, with a X% share. Row width has little influence on grain yield. Curated by Knoema’s data analysts to deliver leading short-term and long-term indicators and forecasts from trusted sources for each of the covered industries. THE median yield for the Queensland and northern NSW sorghum crop is forecast at 2.92 tonnes per hectare, just below the long-term median of 2.97t/ha, according to the January regional outlook from the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI). The reason is a pragmatic one: sorghum is not only cheaper to produce, it yields about twice as much grain as maize in Mexico (2,924 kg per hectare versus 1,508 kg per hectare in one recent test). ^^A'fricaC Althoughhas increasedtotal sorghumin bothandhectarage,millet productionand, to somein easternextent, yield per hectare, food production still is not keeping pace with population growth (>3.0%). The land area put into cultivation of sorghum in Nigeria was 4.7 M hectares while the production figures were 4.8 M tonnes, respectively. Growth Period South Africa consume more than 150 000 tonnes of cabbages per year. 0. Overall it is an important food crop in Africa, Central America and South Asia. Economics, yield, and ecology: A case study from the South African tomato industry Stephanus Malherbea,*, Diana Maraisb a ZZ2, PO Box 19, Mooketsi, 0825, South Africa. A shortage of scientific information exists in South Africa regarding the propagation of the best sweet sorghum genotypes and the application of optimum levels of nitrogen (N) fertilisers in the cultivation of the feedstock to produce bio-ethanol (EtOH) for blending with fossil fuels. News. The market for cabbages in South Africa is very huge and is ever increasing. In South Africa, sorghum is mainly used for human consumption (about 92 percent of sorghum … Fresh cut cabbage is used raw in salads such as coleslaw and as cooked vegetable (added to soups or stews). Most of the 532 farms growing potatoes (2017) are relatively large farms, increasingly under irrigation (now around 80%), with yields averaging around 34 tonnes per hectare. The Government of Brazil has identified 1.8 m ha for sweet sorghum plantation to augment fuel-grade ethanol production. Time series data of total sorghum production and yield in tonnes per hectare were obtained from Food and Agriculture Organization of the … The planting density for sunflower ranges from 25 000 to 35 000 plants per hectare, depending on the yield potential of the area. The average yield obtained in Australia in 2013 was 2 tons per hectare compared to South Africa’s 2,92 tons per hectare (winter rainfall region). Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world and is used for food, fodder and production of alcoholic beverages. In the Republic of South Africa, where a large portion of the maize is produced on large-scale commercial farms, average yields range from less than 2 tons to almost 3 tons per hectare… Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Sow coriander seeds directly into the fields in early spring. The 24 African countries for which official yield data exist have an average CAGR in yield of 0.9%, while the top five producing countries have an average CAGR of 2.0%. Table 1. However, by 1970 it was being planted on nearly I million hectares, and by 1980 on nearly 1.5 million hectares. The seeds are available in 10g, 25g, 50g, 100, 250g, 500g at certified agro-vets. Data Briefs. fairly stagnant over the past decade at an average yield of about 2.7 tons per hectares, while average corn yields increased by around 20 percent to reach almost 6.0 tons per hectare. The price in US$ per ton for South African wheat is greater than for wheat grown in Australia ( Graph 4 ). Most of cabbages in South Africa are produced for domestic consumption. Source: Agbiz; DAFF; mean indicated by dashed line Graph 2: Sorghum yield (t/ha) over the last ten seasons in South Africa. Sowing Time. Globally average production per hectare has risen at a rate of 1.64% since 1961. Yield (tonnes per hectare) Conservative: 8 tonnes Average: 10 tonnes Good: 15 tonnes. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. The required spacing The continent produces about 20 million tonnes of sorghum per annum, about one-third of the world crop. World sorghum production by area, yield per hectare and tonnage per region. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - South America. Being drought and heat tolerant (more than corn, soybeans and wheat), it is especially important in arid regions of the world. There is, therefore, an urgent need ^'to^increase sorghum and millet production in order to help "-a:l-leviatehunger and malnutrition (3) . This is a stand of around 650 000 plants per hectare. When about 50 percent of the leaves have died back the garlic can be harvested. This increase equates to around 25% improvement in yield.. With N-P-K- fertilizers reduced to 50% of recommended quantities, the use of ExploGrow™ (SumaGrow) is essentially cost neutral.The farmer, Mr. John Pozyn, achieved, by the use of ExploGrow™, an overall … However, area cultivated in Africa was 24.8 M hectares with the production quantity of 20.9 M tonnes and average yield of 0.8 M tonnes per hectare (FAO. In some African countries like Mozambique, Kenya, South Africa, and Ethiopia, sweet sorghum adaptation trials are being conducted in pilot scale to assess feasibility of sweet sorghum for biofuel production. Harvesting Harvesting of garlic is normally five to six months after planting. In Sudan, sorghum exports declined by an average annual rate of -X% over the period from 2007-2019. As the harvest time nears, the leaves will begin to droop and brown from the tips and start to die back. The cost of farm machinery, good quality fertilizers, herbicides for weed control and pesticides to prevent pest infestation can sum up to 250,000 Naira or more. Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. The five leading countries in Africa produce 86% of the region’s soybean. Cereal yield of South Africa increased from 1,006 kg per hectare in 1968 to 5,648 kg per hectare in 2017 growing at an average annual rate of 8.14%. Sorghum is a particularly essential crop in Africa, second […] In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Uganda (-X% per year) and South Africa (-X% per … Bounty offers a new package with improved cold tolerance, early vigour and prolific tillering characteristics. Please input your values below. A yield that can be relied upon year after year is the primary goal of those whose life depends on their harvests. Homepage › News › In wetter regions, its production is lower than that of more lucrative crops such as rice and maize. In South Africa that is early September once the threat of frost has lessened. It can range from 90 to -100 cm, however, wider rows such as 1,5 m to 2,1 m can also be used, particularly to accommodate other farm implements. •The production of sweet potato is higher than the consumption. Sorghum Production Area (million ha) 1989-91 1993 1994 1995 World 43.4 43.2 44.8 43.8 Africa 18.5 20.6 23.3 22.0 N C America 6.1 5.2 5.2 5.2 South America 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.0 •In 2010 consumption has increased by 1.6% and this can be attributed to 0.8% increase in production in the same year. •This indicates that South Africa is self sufficient in terms YELLOW MAIZE HYBRIDS FIELDING NEW TECHNOLOGIES. Atlas F1 variety when mature yields fruits weighing two to three kilos each with potential yields of 12 to 18 tonnes per acre. WHITE MAIZE HYBRIDS OFFERING TOP-END YIELD POTENTIAL. 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